A total of 15 patients with severe symptoms of prostadynia who were refractory to therapy were treated with transurethral microwave hyperthermia (TUHT) in a phase I trial. All patients had pain as the predominant symptom, 9 (60%) patients gave a history of psychological problems while frequency, urgency, dysuria, nocturia, and impotence were less common symptoms. Treatment consisted of TUHT at 915 MHz given weekly for 5 weeks with a total of 68 treatment sessions and a mean of 4.5 treatments per patient. Each treatment lasted for 60 minutes. The aim was to increase the temperature measured on the urethral surface to greater than or equal to 44 degrees C. T mean for all sessions was 45.5 degrees C. In 91% of treatments, the temperature was greater than or equal to 44 degrees C. Treatment was well tolerated in 87% patients and acute toxicity was mild. Of the 15 patients treated, 2 (13%) did not complete the treatment course due to discomfort during TUHT. Good treatment response, manifested by complete pain relief and a decrease in dysuria, was noted in 7 (47%) patients. A higher (greater than or equal to 46 degrees C) treatment temperature correlated well with good response, P less than .01. Similarly, relief of pain correlated well with the absence of a history of psychological problems, P less than .01. A decrease of obstructive micturition problems was noted in 5 of the 7 patients who had this upon presentation. This study showed evidence of therapeutic activity with the use of TUHT in patients with prostadynia refractory to therapy. The response obtained was limited to less than one-half of the patients. Complete pain relief was obtained in 4 (27%) patients. It is of interest to note that patients who had major benefit did not show evidence of psychological problems and were able to tolerate higher treatment temperatures. The latter could suggest a temperature-related response.
"Newer approaches include trials of finasteride, quercetin, and rofecoxib . More invasive ablative techniques such as transurethral microwave hyperthermia  and transurethral needle ablation  may be a possible treatment option for patients with chronic nonbacterial prostatitis that is unresponsive to conservative therapies. Treatment for vulvodynia requires the identification of possible dermatological factors including candidiasis, atopy, dermatographism, and irritant contact dermatitis . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Some of the pelvic pain syndromes seem to have features of neurogenic inflammation and neuropathic pain in common. As opposed to being separate disease entities, they may represent a spectrum of clinical presentations of CRPS I of the pelvis. Sacral nerve root stimulation provides good symptomatic relief of pain and voiding dysfunction. The techniques of retrograde root stimulation may offer superior results with fewer complications and lead migrations when compared with other methods. Perhaps neuromodulation should be used earlier in the treatment paradigm for these disorders, before the potentially injurious procedures of hydrodistention, bladder installations, and cystectomies.
Anesthesiology Clinics of North America 01/2004; 21(4):785-95. DOI:10.1016/S0889-8537(03)00085-3
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the effectiveness and durability of transurethral microwave thermotherapy in the treatment of chronic nonbacterial prostatitis using 2 new prostatitis specific assessments in a randomized, double-blind, sham controlled trial.
Patients with nonbacterial prostatitis were randomly assigned to receive either transurethral microwave thermotherapy or sham therapy. Patients were assessed using a symptom severity index and symptom frequency questionnaire. These 2 new prostatitis symptom assessment tools were validated by applying them to 30 similar patients without prostatitis. All nonresponders received transurethral microwave thermotherapy at 3 months and were reassessed at 6 months. Long-term followup of the responder group averaged 21 months.
The symptom severity index and symptom frequency questionnaire were confirmed to be valid for symptom assessment in prostatitis patients. The transurethral microwave thermotherapy group benefited from therapy compared to the sham group. Of the sham group 50% had a favorable response after subsequent transurethral microwave thermotherapy. The 7 responders in the treatment group continued to improve during the subsequent 21 months.
Transurethral microwave thermotherapy appears to be an effective, safe and durable treatment for some patients with nonbacterial prostatitis unresponsive to traditional therapy.
The Journal of Urology 07/1996; 155(6):1950-4; discussion 1954-5. DOI:10.1016/S0022-5347(01)66056-7 · 4.47 Impact Factor
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