Defects in resting metabolic rates and mitochondrial respiration in Kwashiorkor and dietary obese rats.
ABSTRACT Resting metabolic rates have been measured and compared with hepatic mitochondrial respiration in Kwashiorkor and diet-induced obese weaned rats. In Kwashiorkor, resting metabolic rate was 21% lower than the value of controls, while that of the obese rats was 14% higher than in control animals. The resting metabolic rate for Kwashiorkor animals was 50% of the predicted basal metabolic rate (BMR), whereas that of the obese rats was 23% higher than the predicted BMR. The mitochondrial oxygen consumption patterns, using malate plus glutamate or succinate as respiratory substrates, revealed that the resting respiration (state 4) was 23.9% higher in Kwashiorkor and 29.1% higher in obese animals, while the active (state 3) respiration was 34.8% lower in Kwashiorkor and 43.3% lower in obese rats compared to controls. The respiratory control ratios (RCR) were 51.1% and 43.8% in Kwashiorkor and obese rats, respectively, relative to the values in control rats. It is concluded from these studies that Kwashiorkor disease and diet-induced obesity appear to interfere with oxygen utilization at the level of state 3 mitochondrial respiration, which is markedly decreased when compared to the values for control animals.
- Advances in enzymology and related subjects of biochemistry 02/1956; 17:65-134.
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ABSTRACT: We investigated the cation permeability of liver mitochondria isolated from hypothyroid or euthyroid rats by measuring the rate of swelling of respiring mitochondria in acetate salts as a function of membrane potential. Mitochondria from hypothyroid rats have a decreased permeability of roughly 3-fold in the presence of monovalent cations K and tetramethylammonium at any (measured) membrane potential. Since the monovalent cation leak and the proton leak are known to respond similarly to membrane potential our results support the theory that the difference in non-phosphorylating respiration rate between mitochondria from hypothyroid and euthyroid rats is due to a difference in proton leak.FEBS Letters 06/1989; 248(1-2):175-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have determined the relationship between rate of respiration and protonmotive force in oligomycin-inhibited liver mitochondria isolated from euthyroid, hypothyroid and hyperthyroid rats. Respiration rate was titrated with the respiratory-chain inhibitor malonate. At any given respiration rate mitochondria isolated from hypothyroid rats had a protonmotive force greater than mitochondria isolated from euthyroid controls, and mitochondria isolated from hyperthyroid rats had a protonmotive force less than mitochondria isolated from euthyroid controls. In the absence of malonate mitochondrial respiration rate increased in the order hypothyroid less than euthyroid less than hyperthyroid, while protonmotive force increased in the order hyperthyroid less than euthyroid less than hypothyroid. These findings are consistent with a thyroid-hormone-induced increase in the proton conductance of the inner mitochondrial membrane or a decrease in the H+/O ratio of the respiratory chain at any given protonmotive force. Thus the altered proton conductance or H+/O ratio of mitochondria isolated from rats of different thyroid hormone status controls the respiration rate required to balance the backflow of protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane. We discuss the possible relevance of these findings to the control of state 3 and state 4 respiration by thyroid hormone.European Journal of Biochemistry 01/1989; 178(2):511-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor