Aortic glutathione-related antioxidant defences in rabbits subjected to suprarenal aortic coarctation hypertension.
ABSTRACT In seven rabbits subjected to suprarenal aortic coarctation hypertension, the segments above and below the coarctation were tested for the antioxidant defences (i.e. acid-soluble thiol compounds, selenium-dependent and selenium-independent glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione transferase) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances. Seven sham-operated rabbits served as controls. Systolic blood pressure proximal to the ligature increased significantly with respect to pre-operative values after 16 days (117 +/- 8.3 vs 71.7 +/- 5.2 mmHg, P less than 0.05), while pressure distal to the ligature remained normotensive. Higher values of acid-soluble thiol compounds, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and increased activities of selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glutathione transferase were assayed in the suprarenal with respect to the subrenal segment in both groups. However, the values of the upper segments were more elevated in the experimental group than in controls, but no differences were observed in the lower segments. Glutathione peroxidase activity assayed with cumene hydroperoxide was higher than the activity assayed with hydrogen peroxide in the hypertensive segments, but no differences were detected in the substenotic and control segments. Furthermore, an isoenzymatic form of glutathione transferase, analogous to rat 8-8 glutathione transferase isoenzyme, was detected by immunodiffusion in the hypertensive aorta. The following conclusions may be drawn: (1) a biochemical gradient in glutathione-related enzymes, acid-soluble thiol compounds and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances between the proximal and distal aorta seems to exist in control rabbits; (2) suprarenal aortic coarctation induces a significant increase in glutathione-related antioxidant defences and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances of the hypertensive aortic wall.