Concussion in sports. Guidelines for the prevention of catastrophic outcome.

Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver.
JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association (Impact Factor: 30.39). 12/1991; 266(20):2867-9. DOI: 10.1001/jama.1991.03470200079039
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Concussion (defined as a traumatically induced alteration in mental status, not necessarily with loss of consciousness) is a common form of sports-related injury too often dismissed as trivial by physicians, athletic trainers, coaches, sports reporters, and athletes themselves. While head injuries can occur in virtually any form of athletic activity, they occur most frequently in contact sports, such as football, boxing, and martial arts competition, or from high-velocity collisions or falls in basketball, soccer, and ice hockey. The pathophysiology of concussion is less well understood than that of severe head injury, and it has received less attention as a result. We describe a high school football player who died of diffuse brain swelling after repeated concussions without loss of consciousness. Guidelines have been developed to reduce the risk of such serious catastrophic outcomes after concussion in sports.

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    11/2013, Degree: Doctor of Philosophy, Supervisor: Richard Winett
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, the understanding of concussion has evolved in the research and medical communities to include more subtle and transient symptoms. The accepted definition of concussion in these communities has reflected this change. However, it is unclear whether this shift is also reflected in the understanding of the athletic community.
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