Radiation-induced myeloid leukemia in C3H/He mice and the effect of prednisolone acetate on leukemogenesis.
ABSTRACT We found that the incidence of spontaneous myeloid leukemia in C3H/He male mice was less than 1%, but it could be increased considerably by total-body X irradiation. The induction of myeloid leukemia was seen to increase after doses from 0.47 Gy (3%) to 2.84 Gy (23.9%), and then decrease after a dose of 4.73 Gy (13.6%). The administration of prednisolone acetate (synthesized glucocorticoid) after irradiation resulted in a significant increase in the incidence of myeloid leukemia from 23.9 to 38.5% after a dose of 2.84 Gy; however, corticosterone, a glucocorticoid secreted by cells, did not have such an enhancing effect.
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ABSTRACT: The essential aetiology of radiation-induced acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in mice is the downregulation of the transcription factor PU.1. The causative mutation of the PU.1-endocing Sfpi1 gene consists mostly of C:G to T:A transitions at a CpG site and is likely to be of spontaneous origin. To work out a mechanism underlying the association between radiation exposure and the AML induction, we have hypothesised that replicative stress after irradiation accelerates the ageing of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), and the ageing-related decline in DNA repair could affect the spontaneous mutation rates. Mathematical model analysis was conducted to examine whether and to what extent the cell kinetics of HSCs can be modified after irradiation. The haematopoietic differentiation process is expressed as a mathematical model and the cell-kinetics parameters were estimated by fitting the simulation result to the assay data. The analysis revealed that HSCs cycle vigourously for more than a few months after irradiation. The estimated number of cell divisions per surviving HSC in 3 Gy-exposed mice reached as high as ten times that of the unexposed. The mitotic load after 3 Gy irradiation seems to be heavy enough to accelerate the ageing of HSCs and the hypothesis reasonably explains the leukaemogenic process.British Journal of Cancer 07/2009; 101(2):363-71. · 5.08 Impact Factor
- Blood Cancer Journal 01/2013; 3:e161. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: As the number of cancer survivors treated with radiation as a part of their therapy regimen is constantly increasing, so is concern about radiation-induced cancers. This increases the need for therapeutic and mitigating agents against secondary neoplasias. Development and efficacy testing of these agents requires not only extensive in vitro assessment, but also a set of reliable animal models of radiation-induced carcinogenesis. The laboratory mouse (Mus musculus) remains one of the best animal model systems for cancer research due to its molecular and physiological similarities to man, small size, ease of breeding in captivity and a fully sequenced genome. This work reviews relevant M. musculus inbred and F(1 )hybrid animal models and methodologies of induction of radiation-induced leukemia, thymic lymphoma, breast, and lung cancer in these models. Where available, the associated molecular pathologies are also included.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 01/2012; 10(1):107-43. · 2.00 Impact Factor