Insulinomas: localization with selective intraarterial injection of calcium.
ABSTRACT To facilitate the noninvasive preoperative localization of islet cell tumors less than 15 mm in diameter, the authors examined the use of calcium as an insulin secretagogue in an arterial stimulation venous sampling (ASVS) technique. In four patients with episodic hypoglycemia, calcium gluconate (0.01-0.025 mEq Ca2+/kg) was injected directly into branches of the celiac plexus (gastroduodenal, splenic, and hepatic arteries) and the superior mesenteric artery. In all patients, serum levels of insulin rose abruptly in blood samples taken from the right hepatic vein 30 and 60 seconds after the infusion of calcium into the artery supplying the tumor; injection into an artery not supplying the tumor did not result in a similar rise. Accurate localization of the insulinomas was verified at surgery in three patients. In the fourth patient, who did not undergo surgery, arteriographic results were positive for insulinoma at the predicted site. On the basis of these results, the authors believe noninvasive ASVS may replace invasive portal venous sampling as the most effective method for the localization of occult insulinomas.
- SourceAvailable from: Shin Ishihara[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Arterial stimulation and venous sampling (ASVS) is an important technique for localizing insulinoma. The principle behind ASVS is that insulin secretion is promoted from insulinoma cells by the injection of calcium into the insulinoma-feeding artery. However, the mechanism for ASVS-induced insulin secretion remains unclear. Both insulinoma and familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) are rare diseases. This study reports on a case in which both of these diseases occur concurrently. The patient with FHH also suffered from insulinoma. We reasoned that insulin secretion for ASVS is dependent on the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR). ASVS was performed on this patient. The expression of the CaSR protein and corresponding mRNA were confirmed. No significant changes in the plasma levels of insulin and C-peptide were observed during ASVS. The patient was clinically diagnosed as having FHH. We confirmed that a mutation in the CaSR gene was present in the genomic DNA of this patient and that there were no mutations in the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 gene. In addition, expression of both CaSR mRNA and CaSR protein was confirmed in the insulinoma samples. These results suggest that the CaSR gene is involved in ASVS-induced insulin secretion.European Journal of Endocrinology 08/2008; 159(1):81-6. DOI:10.1530/EJE-08-0069 · 3.69 Impact Factor
- Cirugía Española 04/2014; 92(4):291–293. DOI:10.1016/j.ciresp.2012.10.008 · 0.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Herein, we report the case of a large benign insulinoma in an obese young man with a three-year history of asymptomatic hypoglycaemia. He presented to our outpatient department with a two-week history of dizziness and morning cold sweats. A random serum glucose test revealed hypoglycaemia. Upon admission, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen with intravenous contrast media showed an enhancing mass lesion in the uncinate process of the pancreas. To confirm the diagnosis, an intra-arterial calcium stimulation test with hepatic venous sampling was performed for preoperative localisation and to exclude the presence of occult insulinomas. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy, with successful resection of the pancreatic head tumour. Histology confirmed the diagnosis of insulinoma. The patient's postoperative recovery was uneventful, and he has not developed further episodes of hypoglycaemia three years post surgery.Singapore medical journal 08/2014; 55(8):e132-5. DOI:10.11622/smedj.2014110 · 0.63 Impact Factor