The polymerase chain reaction for hepatitis B virus DNA

Hepatology (Impact Factor: 11.06). 01/1991; 13(1):188-90. DOI: 10.1002/hep.1840130127
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to analyse tissues from paraffin blocks of liver needle biopsies retrospectively. Biopsies of 29 patients with proven HBsAg and HBcAg expression in liver tissue and of 8 healthy volunteers served as positive (group 1) and negative tissue controls (group 2), respectively. These were compared with 16 patients with proven HBsAg expression in liver but lack of HBcAg (group 3), with 23 patients with anti-HBc as the only hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related marker (group 4) and with 21 patients with liver disease and without HBV markers in tissue or serum (group 5). PCR detected HBV sequences in all cases of the positive control group and in 94% of group 3, in 65% of group 4, and in 71.4% of group 5, whereas all healthy volunteers were negative. Our data show that PCR is able to detect HBV-DNA sequences in virtually all patients with active viral antigen expression but also in a high proportion of hepatitic patients who are silent for active HB but may or may not show signs of a contact with the HBV. Thus, PCR for HBV-DNA in paraffin sections might become a useful tool for identifying patients carrying HBV-DNA but not expressing HBV antigens.
    Virchows Archiv. A, Pathological anatomy and histopathology 02/1992; 420(1):11-5. DOI:10.1007/BF01605978
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection almost always recurs after liver transplantation in patients who were surface antigen (HBsAg) positive before surgery but apparent de novo acquisition of infection in a transplant setting has not previously been reported. We have used sensitive techniques to elucidate the origin of such infections in patients in a California transplantation programme. We tested post-transplant serum from 207 patients who had been HBsAg negative and found 20 to be HBsAg positive. The origin of infection was identified in 7 patients, being occult pre-transplant infection in 5 and occult infection in the donor in 2. No pre-transplant patient nor donor with demonstrable HBV DNA had serological markers of hepatitis B. Post-transplant HBV DNA was present in serum from 19 patients. Analysis of the variable pre-S region of HBV demonstrated 100% sequence homology between recipient liver and post-transplant serum (2 patients) and between donor serum and recipient post-transplant serum (2). There was only 84% homology between the 2 different patients infected with subtype adw. 19 patients are alive, 9 without histological evidence of hepatitis (mean follow-up 33 months), and survival was significantly greater than that of a group with recurrent HBV infection. Apparent acquisition of HBV infection with liver transplantation is not rare, and may be due to occult pre-transplant infection or occult infection in the donor. The post-transplant outcome of this infection tends to be benign but our findings do underscore the clinical relevance of HBV infection in the absence of serological markers.
    The Lancet 02/1994; 343(8890):142-6. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(94)90934-2 · 45.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The abilities of GeneReleaser and QIAamp to extract the hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA template from serum for amplification by PCR were evaluated and compared with that of the standard phenol-chloroform method. Differences in the sensitivities of the three methods were revealed by nested PCR of HBV DNA extracted from serially diluted hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive (high-titer) serum. Phenol-chloroform was found to be the most sensitive extraction method but was time-consuming and labor intensive, and the many steps required increased the possibility of contamination. In a titration of HBeAg-negative (low-titer) serum, all three methods coupled with nested PCR were capable of detecting low levels of HBV DNA. In the case of QIAamp and GeneReleaser, the extraction was relatively simple and rapid. The higher quantity of serum (200 microliters) used in the QIAamp extraction did not provide higher sensitivity, possibly because of incomplete removal of Taq polymerase inhibitors from the serum or inadequate disruption of the virion. GeneReleaser was more efficient because it gave the same detection limit in low-titer serum as phenol-chloroform even though it utilizes only 5 microliters of serum. However, it did not produce consistent amplifications of HBV DNA, giving false-negative results in 7 of the 50 cases (14%) in one experiment. Use of a larger volume of serum and replicate extractions may overcome this problem. Advantages thus exist in each of the extraction methods, and these should be weighed against the disadvantages when deciding which extraction method is appropriate.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 12/1996; 34(11):2731-3. · 3.99 Impact Factor
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