Article

Ethanol preference in the Harrington derivation of the Maudsley Reactive and Non-Reactive strains.

Department of Social Science, Winston Salem State University, North Carolina 27110.
Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research (Impact Factor: 3.31). 04/1991; 15(2):170-4. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.1991.tb01849.x
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ABSTRACT Ethanol intake was explored in the Harrington derivation of the Maudsley Reactive and Maudsley Non-Reactive rat strains (MR/Har and MNRA/Har). When 5% and 10% ethanol solutions were presented as the sole source of fluid (1-bottle test), MR/Har rats, respectively, ingested 15% more, or 9% less, than their baseline water intake, whereas MNRAs ingested 6% less, or 42% less than their baseline intake. However, because MNRA/Har rats drank significantly more water than MR/Har's under ad libitum conditions (MNRA/Har, 46.6 +/- 1.83 ml; MR/Har 32.45 +/- 1.64 ml/24 hr), males and females of the two strains ingested a similar amount of ethanol in the 1-bottle test (5% ethanol, 4-7; 10% ethanol, 6-12 g/kg body weight/24 hr). In 2-bottle free-choice tests administered after an extended period of forced ethanol consumption, MR/Har male and female rats exhibited a strong ethanol preference (X = 80%) and consumed a larger amount of ethanol (MR/Har, 7-13; MNRA/Har, 6-9 g/kg body weight/24 hr) than MNRA/Har's. Across all conditions, females of both strains ingested a greater relative amount of ethanol than males. The strain difference in ethanol preference was found to be independent of prior exposure to ethanol because it was also found when 2-bottle free-choice tests were carried out in naive animals (Experiment 2). The pattern of development of ethanol preference in individual animals was characterized by abrupt onset, after variable periods of exposure to the 2-bottle choice test, and maintenance of strong ethanol preference thereafter. The extensive behavioral and biological definition of the Maudsley strains is a valuable asset in attempting to elucidate the biobehavioral correlates of ethanol preference.

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