Article

The paired-associate paradigm and infant intelligence

Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 4.31). 02/1990; 608:337-57; discussion 358-64. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1990.tb48902.x
Source: PubMed
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    • "This concept is in line with the behavioral observations by others who suggest that the hippocampus not only serves as a cognitive map for spatial (O'Keefe and Nadel 1978) but also for object memory through the incorporation of converging spatial and nonspatial inputs (Manns and Eichenbaum 2006, 2009). The OR task was originally construed to test preverbal infants (Fagan 1990). In humans, the importance of an intact OR ability can be seen from the debilitating effects of the failure to distinguish between familiar and new objects in neurological disorders such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease and visual agnosia in brain trauma patients (Farah 1992; Grady et al. 2001; Laatu et al. 2004). "
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    • "Thus, it seemed possible that behavior in the VPC task could be driven by a reflexive or habituation-like memory quite unrelated to the explicit visual recognition that humans exhibit when they encounter familiar objects. Further, in both humans and monkeys, successful performance on the VPC task emerged earlier in development, than did successful performance on the DNMS task (for a more complete discussion of these issues, see Bachevalier, 1990; Diamond, 1990; Fagan, 1990). "
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    Neuropsychologia 02/2010; 48(8):2234-44. DOI:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.02.004 · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    • "Infants can form memories for visual scenes and, with development, encode them faster and retain information longer (see Fagan, 1990, for a review). Following 10 to 60 s of exposure to an item, 6- month-olds consistently look longer at a novel stimulus than at the now familiar stimulus (i.e., exhibiting a novelty preference) (Fagan, 1990). Younger infants, however, are less consistent, exhibiting a novelty preference (e.g., Pascalis, de Haan, Nelson, & de Schonen, 1998; Slater, Morison, & Rose, 1982), a familiarity preference (e.g., Richards, 1997; Rose, Gottfried, Mello-Carmina, & Bridger, 1982), or no clear preference (e.g., Wetherford & Cohen, 1973). "
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