Conformational modification enhances myasthenogenicity in synthetic peptide of acetylcholine receptor α-subunit
Department of Neurology, Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Japan.Journal of the Neurological Sciences (Impact Factor: 2.47). 12/1990; 99(2-3):219-27. DOI: 10.1016/0022-510X(90)90157-I
The induction of myasthenia gravis depends on linked recognition of antigenic sites of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) by B-cells and T-cells. The former is conformationally restrained, and the latter is under the MHC class II restriction. We synthesized an artificially formed peptide (model peptide) by coupling the alpha 190-195 selected as B-cell site and cholinergic binding site and the alpha-107-116 selected as T-cell site and agretope with the intervening chain segment aligned as Asn-Pro-Gly-Gly (NPGG) to adopt beta-turn conformation. This model peptide, alpha 107-116-NPGG-alpha 190-195, was potently immunogenic in Lewis rats to provoke anti-peptide antibody reactive with native AChR and to induce the animal model of immunopharmacologic blockade of acetylcholine (ACh)-binding site. Low immunogenicity compared with this was found when using natural peptides predicted as sequences of B-cell site or T-cell site and the peptide synthesized by linking both without intervention of NPGG. The alpha 190-195 had no function of cholinergic binding either as a single segment or as part of the conformation-modified peptides; results suggest that the conformation modified for high immunogenicity does not assume the bioactive conformation for ACh-binding.
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ABSTRACT: Myasthenogenic regions in the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) alpha-subunit were studied in view of the conformation-dependent B-cell epitope expected at beta-turn and the MHC class II-restricted T-cell epitope expected at alpha-helix. Torpedo AChR alpha 67-76 and alpha 107-116 were synthesized as the main immunogenic region and the site specific for T-cell epitope in Lewis rat, respectively. Model peptides, synthesized by combining these natural sequence segments or by intervening the segment aligned as Asn-Pro-Gly-Gly (NPGG) in natural sequence segments, were tested in terms of antigenic conformation. The model peptide, alpha 107-116.alpha 67-76.alpha 107-116, was immunogenic in the induction of the animal model of myasthenia, accompanied by the anti-peptide antibody cross-reactive with the native AChR. High antigenicity in antibody assays for various peptide- and native AChR-immunized rats was found when the model peptides, alpha 107-116.alpha 67-76 and/or alpha 107-116.NPGG.alpha 67-76 were used for measurement as antigens. Antigenic conformation for the induction of the disease may thus be different from that for the reactivity to antibody.Journal of the Neurological Sciences 07/1992; 109(2):182-7. DOI:10.1016/0022-510X(92)90166-I · 2.47 Impact Factor
- Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 06/1993; 681(1 Myasthenia Gr):168-171. DOI:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1993.tb22883.x · 4.38 Impact Factor
- Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 07/1993; 681:168-71. · 4.38 Impact Factor
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