Article

Karyotyping in plants by an image analysis system.

J.Genetics & Breeding 01/1991; 45.
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    ABSTRACT: A reconstructed barley karyotype (T-35) was utilised to study the influence of chromosomal rearrangements on the DNA methylation pattern at chromosome level. Data obtained were also compared with the distribution of Giemsa N-bands and high gene density regions along the individual chromosomes that have been previously described. In comparison to the control karyotype (T-1586), the DNA methylation pattern was found to vary not only in the reconstructed chromosomes but also in the other chromosomes of the complement. Significant remodelling process of methylation pattern was found also in the residual nucleolus organiser regions (NOR) on chromosome 5H as a consequence of deletion comprising the whole NOR of chromosome 6H in T-35. Moreover, differences between corresponding segments of the homologues with respect to some other chromosome locations were also observed. Repositioning of genomic DNA methylation along the metaphase chromosomes following chromosomal reconstruction in barley seems to be essential to ensure correct chromatin organisation and function.
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