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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a unique nanofibrous biomaterial which can have applications in many engineering fields. BC possesses excellent mechanical properties and biocompatibility and can be engineered in various forms from nano to macro scales. BC based nanocomposites can be manipulated to improve their properties and/or functionalities. Such materials can be categorized as high-strength materials as well as materials for plant biomimicking, biomedical, electrically conductive, catalysis, optical, luminescent, proton conductive, separating, antimicrobial, thermo-responsive and other applications. The review presented here focuses on various fabrication methods used and novel applications of BC based nanocomposites that are expected to be commercialized.
    Polymer Reviews 08/2014; 54(4):598-626. · 7.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The field of pharmaceutical technology is expanding rapidly because of the increasing number of drug delivery options. Successful drug delivery is influenced by multiple factors, one of which is the appropriate identification of materials for research and engineering of new drug delivery systems. Bacterial cellulose (BC) is one such biopolymer that fulfils the criteria for consideration as a drug delivery material. BC showed versatility in terms of its potential for in-situ modulation, chemical modification after synthesis and application in the biomedical field, thus expanding the current, more limited view of BC and facilitating the investigation of its potential for application in drug delivery. Cellulose, which is widely available in nature, has numerous applications. One of the applications is that of BC in the pharmaceutical and biomedical fields, where it has been primarily applied for transdermal formulations to improve clinical outcomes. This review takes a multidisciplinary approach to consideration of the feasibility and potential benefits of BC in the development of other drug delivery systems for various routes of administration.
    The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology. 03/2014; 66(8):1047-1061.
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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial cellulose (BC) aerogels, which are fragile, ultra-lightweight, open-porous and transversally isotropic materials, have been reinforced with the biocompatible polymers polylactic acid (PLA), polycaprolactone (PCL), cellulose acetate (CA), and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), respectively, at varying BC/polymer ratios. Supercritical carbon dioxide anti-solvent precipitation and simultaneous extraction of the anti-solvent using scCO2 have been used as core techniques for incorporating the secondary polymer into the BC matrix and to convert the formed composite organogels into aerogels. Uniaxial compression tests revealed a considerable enhancement of the mechanical properties as compared to BC aerogels. Nitrogen sorption experiments at 77 K and scanning electron micrographs confirmed the preservation (or even enhancement) of the surface-area-to-volume ratio for most of the samples. The formation of an open-porous, interpenetrating network of the second polymer has been demonstrated by treatment of BC/PMMA hybrid aerogels with EMIM acetate, which exclusively extracted cellulose, leaving behind self-supporting organogels.
    Carbohydrate Polymers 01/2014; 111:505–513. · 3.48 Impact Factor

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May 26, 2014