Cyclic oxygen analogues of alkyl-lysophospholipids. Synthesis and neoplastic cell growth inhibitory properties.
ABSTRACT Ether phospholipids have demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo activity against a wide variety of tumor cell lines. The known cyclic ether phospholipid, SRI 62-834, was used as the model to prepare eight novel phospholipids containing a cyclic ether. All of the compounds were as effective as ET-18-OCH3 in their ability to activate macrophage-induced cytotoxicity against the Abelson-8.1 tumor cell line but varied in their direct cytotoxic effects. One of the new compounds, SDZ 62-406, was selected for in vivo studies and showed oral and i.v. activity in the mouse MethA fibrosarcoma model in the same range as ET-18-OCH3. No correlation was found between the direct or macrophage-activated cytotoxicity and the ability of the compounds to inhibit or promote platelet-activating factor (PAF)-induced aggregation of human platelets.