[Fine morphological studies on the connective tissue core and the epithelial cells of the lingual papillae in Mogella wogura wogura].
ABSTRACT The three-dimensional structure of the connective tissue core (CTC) of each type of lingual papillae of Mogella wogura wogura was studied by scanning electron microscopy after removal of the epithelial cell layer and compared with the results obtained from light microscopy as well as transmission electron microscopy. Filiform papillae are densely distributed on the dorsal surface of the anterior part of the tongue. They were conical in shape and their connective tissue cores (CTCs) resembled wooden spoons at the tip of the tongue, while they were flower-shaped (Lysichiton camtschatense) at the middle part of the tongue. Fungiform papillae which had a round depression on the top were distributed sporadically among the filiform papillae, and contained columnar CTC with several plane striations running longitudinally along the lateral surface. A pair of vallate papillae was located at the boundary between the anterior and posterior tongue. Their CTC were flower shaped closely resembling a carnation. Giant conical papillae occupied the posterior marginal region of the tongue. These papillae contained much smaller conical CTC similar to the outer form. Light and transmission electron microscopic observations of the dorsal lingual epithelium revealed three different regions: anterior region to the filiform papillae, posterior to the papillae and interpapillary region. In the intermediate layers between the germinal layer and the surface layer of the anterior region to the filiform papillae, a large number of keratohyaline granules was observed, but the cornified layer was obscured. In the posterior region, keratohyaline granules were fewer in number and the cornified layer was clear and thick. In the interpapillary region, keratohyaline granules were few and a thin cornified layer was recognized. At higher magnification, small sized keratohyaline granules contained a large number of free ribosomes, suggesting a close relationship between the two. Odland bodies were found only on the interpapillary region.
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ABSTRACT: We examined the epithelial surface and connective tissue cores (CTCs) of each lingual papilla on the Paenungulata, Cape hyrax (Procavia capensis), by scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy. The tongue consisted of a lingual apex, lingual body and lingual root. Filiform, fungiform and foliate papillae were observed on the dorsal surface of the tongue; however, fungiform papillae were quite diminished on the lingual prominence. Moreover, no clearly distinguishable vallate papillae were found on the tongue. Instead of vallate papillae, numerous dome-like large fungiform papillae were arranged in a row just in front of the rather large foliate papillae. Foliate papillae were situated in the one-third postero-lateral margin of the lingual body. The epithelium of filiform papillae was covered by a keratinized layer with kerato-hyaline granules, whereas weak keratinization was observed on the interpapillary epithelium. The external surface of the filiform papillae was conical in shape. CTCs of the filiform papillae were seen as a hood-like core with a semicircular concavity in the anterior portion of each core. Large filiform papillae were distributed on the lingual prominence. The CTCs of large filiform papillae after exfoliation of their epithelium consisted of a concave primary core and were associated with several small protrusions. The surface of fungiform papillae was smooth and dome-like. After removal of the epithelium, CTCs appeared as a flower bud-like primary core and were associated with several protrusions that were arranged on the rim of the primary core. Several taste buds were found on the top of the dorsal part of the epithelium of both fungiform and large fungiform papillae. Well-developed foliate papillae were seen and numerous taste buds could be observed in the lateral wall of the epithelium in a slit-like groove. The morphological characteristics of the tongue of the Cape hyrax had similarities with other Paenungulata such as Sirenia. However, three-dimensional characteristics, especially CTCs of lingual papillae, exhibited multiple similarities with rodents, insectivores and artiodactyls.Journal of Anatomy 09/2008; 213(5):573-82. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The stereo architecture of the lingual connective tissue cores (CTC) in the treeshrew (Tupaia glis) (which has the primitive characteristics of primates) was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and compared to that of other animal orders. The tongue of the treeshrew has three vallate papillae which are situated in the posterior part of the tongue, while some macaques have several vallate papillae. Among numerous filiform papillae, fungiform papillae are sporadically distributed. A filiform papilla consists of a bundle of several slender spine-like processes arranged in a circle at the basal margin. After removal of the epithelium, the CTC of the filiform papilla looks like a human hand raised with the palm facing towards the tongue tip. The fungiform CTC in the threeshrew is columnar in shape (rather similar to that of Insectivora and Rodentia) and at the top there are several round depressions for taste buds. In the treeshrew several large rod-shaped processes are derived from the postero-lateral margin of the tongue, as in Carnivora (dogs and cats), where foliate papillae are located in many other animal species. The treeshrew has numerous characteristics similar to those of the crab-eating macaque (Primates), but at the same time it has some characteristics similar to those of Insectivora, Rodentia, Carnivora and Artiodactyla.Anatomy and Embryology 01/1993; 186(6):511-8. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The external morphology of the papillae linguales (papillae filiformes, papillae fungiformes and papillae vallatae) and their connective tissue cores (CTCs) of the greater Japanese shrew-mole (Urotrichus talpoides) were analysed by optical and scanning electron microscopy. Papillae filiformes were distributed over the dorsal surface of the apex linguae, and on the rostral and caudal regions of the corpus linguae but were less numerous in the mid-region. They were absent from the radix linguae. A pair of oval papillae vallatae was situated at the border between the corpus linguae and the radix linguae. Papillae foliatae were absent. The epithelial surface of each papilla filiformis consisted of a circular concavity, a ring-like wall and either a single thumb-like process or 2-3 slender pointed processes, depending on their location. The morphology of the CTCs of the papillae filiformes also varied regionally. The papillae linguales of the Japanese shrew-mole were morphologically similar to those of other Talpidae and Soricidae, including the common shrew, particularly with respect to the papillae filiformes in the mid- and caudal regions of the corpus linguae.Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 05/2012; · 0.88 Impact Factor