Conference Paper

Social Cohesion: Some Conceptual and Measurement Issues

Conference: 8th International Conference of Islamic countries Society of Statistical Sciences (ISOSS)

ABSTRACT Understanding the nature and causes of economic progress has always been a matter of concern for economists. Growth differentials across countries have been intensively studied in economic literature and a number of possible reasons of these differentials have been presented. Recently the focus of growth studies has shifted towards economic growth effects of political economy factors such as political instability, institutional quality, ethno-linguistic fractionalization and social cohesion. In fact, social cohesion has become an active area of research not only for economists but also for the social scientists from different related disciplines such as sociology, political science, anthropology and psychology. But in spite of lot of discussion on the determinants and causes of social cohesion, there are still many differences regarding its conceptual foundations and measurement issues. This paper aims to shed light on these key conceptual and measurement issues related to social cohesion. It also discusses that how the different measures used for measurement of social cohesion lack some important aspects and why it is necessary to include these aspects while quantifying social cohesion for the purpose of some empirical research. Moreover the issue has also been discussed in the context of Pakistan.

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May 17, 2014