Duodenal ulcer in sickle cell anemia.

Department of Pediatrics, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois.
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (Impact Factor: 2.2). 02/1990; 10(1):117-20. DOI: 10.1097/00005176-199001000-00023
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A 14-year-old black male with sickle cell anemia developed a duodenal ulcer that masqueraded as sickle cell-related abdominal pain crisis on multiple occasions. Malingering and poor therapeutic compliance aggravated the ulcer in this patient, who ultimately succumbed to a catastrophic bleed. Duodenal ulcer appears to be an infrequent but difficult to treat lesion in sickle cell disease. An in-depth review on the occurrence of duodenal ulcer in sickle cell anemia is presented. The etiological mechanisms of peptic ulcer disease in this population and the potential benefits of transfusion therapy are discussed.

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    ABSTRACT: A case of pancreatitis that occurred as a complication of a vaso-occlusive crisis in a child with sickle cell anemia is reported. We encourage others to consider pancreatitis as a cause for abdominal pain in children with multisystem diseases, particularly those that may cause ischemic organ injury such as sickle cell anemia.
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    ABSTRACT: Sickle cell disease is caused by molecular abnormalities in the formation of hemoglobin, leading to pain crisis from recurrent vascular occlusion by sickled hemoglobin. Impaired flow in the microvasculature can lead to ischemia, tissue infarction and ulceration. Abdominal pain, a common complaint in sickle cell disease, can be due to an uncommon etiology, ischemic duodenal ulceration. This is due to primary mucosal infarction caused by sickling, leading to poor healing of infarcted areas. Prompt endoscopic and/or urgent surgical intervention should be considered, particularly if anticoagulation is an issue, as proton pump inhibitor use is ineffective in healing this type of ulcer.
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