Article

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF WORKING AND NON-WORKING MARRIED WOMEN: EFFECT OF ANXIETY LEVEL ON LIFE SATISFACTION

Indian Journal of Psychology and Mental Health, 01/2011;

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present paper is to find out whether the anxiety level has any significant impact on the life satisfaction of the working and non-working married women.
METHOD: We investigated the effect of anxiety level on the “life satisfaction” among the working and non-working married women. For which we have administered “Satisfaction With Life Scale” (SWLS; Diener,E.; 1985), and “State-Trait Anxiety Test” (STAT; psy.com services; 1993) on an equal sample of women participants (n=45) from both the groups. The average age of the sample is 30.5 (ranging from 25 to 36).
RESULTS: On the collected data we applied two-way ANOVA. For variable A, i.e., two different groups of working and non-working married women has been obtained ‘F’ value is 1.00, which shows non-significant difference between the two groups. Therefore, we retain the null hypothesis (H0) and cannot conclude that the two groups differ in their attitude towards life satisfaction and the effect of anxiety on life satisfaction.
Further, we observe that the ‘F’ ratio in respect of factor B is highly significant even at .001 level. Thus the result showed that anxiety and life satisfaction are experienced differently by working and non-working women
AB interaction F, based on 1 and 176 ‘df’, is found to be 17.05. The critical value is 6.76 at α = 0.1. The observed value of F far exceeds the critical value. Thus, the F associated with the interaction of factor A and B is significant below .01 level. It indicates that the low and high life satisfaction depends upon the level of anxiety; the working women with low level of anxiety are higher on life satisfaction in contrast to the non-working women.
CONCLUSION: The results of the study show that females those who are working and married, are low on anxiety with higher life satisfaction in comparison to the non-working married females. They perceived their life as challenging and secure. They feel comfortable with their life situations. Whereas, the non-working married females are less satisfied with their lives and their anxiety level is also higher than the anxiety level of working females.
However, the study needs to be widened because the sample for the present study has been taken from particular state and therefore cannot be generalized. Thus, other sphere of employment has to be included by taking into account different states so that a better knowledge can be acquired about the women in different jobs and with different life settings.

46 Bookmarks
 · 
7,144 Views
  • The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation 28(6):489-91. · 2.39 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Interactional models of life events and personality posit domains of vulnerability within which individuals are most likely to be affected by negative life events. A variation of this model was tested in a study of the separate as well as interactive effects of daily life events and personal strivings on psychological and physical well-being. Subjects listed 15 of their personal strivings,which were later categorized as reflecting either achievement, affiliation, intimacy, or power. For 21 consecutive days, subjects recorded up to eight events that most influenced their moods each day, and completed mood and physical symptom checklists. Power strivings were negatively correlated with well-being. Affiliation strivings were correlated with positive affect. No significant between-subject interactions occurred between strivings and events. However, within-subject analyses revealed several significant effects. Achievement-oriented individuals tended to be affected by good achievement events; similarly, the moods of affiliation- and intimacy-oriented individuals were affected by interpersonal events. Results are interpreted within a transactional framework, and implications for research on personality, life events, and well-being are discussed.
    Journal of Personality 10/1991; 59(3):453-72. · 2.44 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One area of positive psychology analyzes subjective well-being (SWB), people's cognitive and affective evaluations of their lives. Progress has been made in understanding the components of SWB, the importance of adaptation and goals to feelings of well-being, the temperament underpinnings of SWB, and the cultural influences on well-being. Representative selection of respondents, naturalistic experience sampling measures, and other methodological refinements are now used to study SWB and could be used to produce national indicators of happiness.
    American Psychologist 02/2000; 55(1):34-43. · 6.87 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
1,058 Downloads
Available from
Jun 11, 2014