[Prevention of cowdriosis and cases of sheep diseases in the Niayes region of Senegal].
ABSTRACT Sheep originating from an heartwater-free area were immunized by the infection and treatment method, using long-acting oxytetracycline. The animals were then exposed, together with control sheep to natural infection in an enzootic area. Tick counts were made to monitor the infestation and establish a correlation between infestation by certain tick species, in particular Amblyomma variegatum, and the occurrence of cowdriosis. In some cases of death associated with ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis in the group immunized against cowdriosis, groups of Cowdria ruminantium were found in smears of the cerebral cortex, which leaves question marks as to the real nature of immunity to cowdriosis. Furthermore, these losses show the necessity of an integrated approach to the control of diseases of livestock in a given area. The presence of Rhipicephalus e. evertsi, formerly absent from this area, was significant in this respect.
- SourceAvailable from: Christa Bodaan[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Using the MAP1-B enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we tested 1,318 serum samples collected from sheep and goats at 28 sites in the five divisions of The Gambia to determine the Ehrlichia ruminantium seroprevalence rates and to assess the risk for heartwater. About half (51.6%) of 639 sheep were positive, with seroprevalence rates per site varying between 6.9% and 100%. The highest seroprevalence was detected in the western part of the country (88.1% in the Western Division and 62.1% in the Lower River Division). Sheep in the two easterly divisions (Central River and Upper River divisions) showed the lowest seroprevalence of 29.3% and 32.4%, respectively, while those in the North Bank Division showed an intermediate prevalence of 40.6%. In goats, less than one-third (30.3%) of 679 animals tested were positive. The highest seroprevalence was detected in goats in the North Bank Division (59%) and Western Division (44.1%). Goats in the Lower River Division showed an intermediate level of 21.9%, whereas the lowest rates were found in the eastern part of the country (4.8% in the Central River Division and 2.3% in the Upper River Division). At nearly all sites, seroprevalence rates were higher in sheep than in goats. The results show a gradient of increasing heartwater risk for susceptible small ruminants from the east to the west of The Gambia. These findings need to be taken into consideration when future livestock-upgrading programs are implemented.Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 05/2005; 12(4):508-12. · 2.51 Impact Factor