The relationship between temperature and humidity outside and inside of permanently open-sided cow's barn

Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 01/2010; LVIII:91-96. DOI: 10.11118/actaun201058050091


The aim of this research was to estimate relations between temperature and humidity outside and
inside of a permanently open sides barn for cows. This study was carried out in the period from Februa
ry 1st, 2009 to January 31st, 2010 at a commercial dairy farm located in the South-Moravian region
of the Czech Republic. During the study period temperature and humidity inside and outside
the barn were systematically assessed. The research batch had 98 ± 3 cows. The barn had permanently
open sides and during summer the main doors were mostly open. The cows in the research barn were
of Czech Fleckvieh breed. The air temperature (°C) and humidity (%) were measured every fi � een
minutes during the whole study period using 4 data loggers (HOBO technology; RH/Temp/), out of
which were three (L1, L2 and L3), located inside the barn (Figure 1) and one (L0) outside the barn.
The values of temperature-humidity index (THI) were calculated using the equation proposed by
HAHN (1999). Mean daily outside and inside temperatures corresponded with each other, with outside
temperatures always being lower than inside temperatures. The diff erence between the inside
and outside temperature was lowest in March (0.01 °C) and highest in October (3.48 °C). Mean values
of humidity outside and inside also corresponded; however, they were sometimes higher outside and
sometimes inside the barn. The smallest diff erence between the inside and outside humidity was recorded
in August (0.18 %) and the greatest in March (13.21 %). Mean values of temperature-humidity
index (THI) inside and outside the barn also corresponded, with outside values being in most cases
lower than inside values. The diff erence between inside and outside THI values was lowest in December
(0.07) and highest in October (5.96). The mutual relationships between the values recorded by individual
loggers were very close (including the outside logger). Slightly weaker was the relationship
between L2 and other, both outside and inside, loggers.

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    ABSTRACT: POLÁK, O., FALTA, D., HANUŠ, O., CHLÁDEK, G.: Eff ect of barn airspace temperature on composition and technological parameters of bulk milk produced by dairy cows of Czech Fleckvieh and Holstein breeds. Acta univ. agric. et silvic. Mendel. Brun., 2011, LIX, No. 6, pp. 271–280 On two farms (A and B), samples of bulk milk produced by dairy cows of the Holstein (H) and Czech Fleckvieh (CF) breeds were collected every week on the same day within the time interval of 36 weeks. The aim of this sampling was to determine the eff ect of barn airspace temperature on milk compositon and its technological parameters. The following average values of all bulk milk samples (n = 72) were recorded: barn airspace temperature (BAT) 12.08 °C; rennet coagulation time (RCT) 211 sec.; curd quality class (CQC) 1.53; titratable acidity (TA) 7.16 °SH; protein content (P) 3.46 %; fat content (F) 4.09 %; lactose content (L) 4.79 %; and solids non fat (SNF) 8.86 %. As compared with H, dairy cows of CF breed produced milk with statistically signifi cantly higher (P < 0.01) contents of P (+0.27 %) and SNF (+0.26 %). The remaining diff erences were statistically insignifi cant (P > 0.05): BAT (−2 °C); RCT (−4 sec.); CQC (0 class); TA (+0.11 °SH); F (+0.05 %) and L (−0.03 %). As far as the eff ect of temperature was concerned, calculated correlation coeffi cients and plotted graphs indicated a marked eff ect of BAT on RCT; F and P. This eff ect was in all cases markedly negative: at lower BAT, F and P values were higher and RCT longer while at higher temperatures they were lower and shorter. These trends were similar in both breeds regardless to diff erences in average values of aforementioned parameters.
    Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 01/2011; 59(6). DOI:10.11118/actaun201159060271