Simple clinical techniques to evaluate visual function in patients with early cataract.
ABSTRACT Among the 80 subjects who were recruited with normal retinal and neural function, 54 had cataract and a visual acuity (VA) better than 6/24. The 26 age-matched subjects had clear media. Contrast sensitivity (CS) at low and intermediate spatial frequencies was measured using the Pelli-Robson letter chart. Two measures of glare disability (GD) were obtained using the Mentor Brightness Acuity Tester (BAT) in conjunction with a logMAR VA chart and the Pelli-Robson chart. Although CS is predominantly affected at high spatial frequencies in early cataract, we found that some subjects had reduced scores on the Pelli-Robson chart. This CS loss could not be predicted from VA measurements and was particularly found in subjects with posterior subcapsular cataract. High GD scores were found in a number of subjects with relatively good VA and could not be predicted from results of VA or CS. We suggest that CS and GD measurements using the Pelli-Robson chart and the BAT provide valuable information regarding the management of patients with early cataract.
- SourceAvailable from: nature.com[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: AimsTo assess the vision-related quality of life of corneal transplant recipients using the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25 (NEI VFQ-25), and to identify the socio-demographic factors that associate with patients' self-assessment of perceived visual function.Methods Thirty patients who received corneal transplants were included in this prospective observational, cross-sectional study. Socio-demographic and clinical data, including age, sex, systemic health status, employment status, visual acuity, reason of corneal transplantation, laterality of corneal graft, and follow-up period were collected. NEI VFQ-25 was scored using Rasch analysis. Subgroup analyses were also performed.ResultsAge, sex, visual acuity, and health status had no significant correlation or association with the Rasch-transformed score. Patients who received bilateral corneal grafts were significantly less able socioemotionally than those with unilateral graft. Patients who became unemployed or retired after transplantation were also significantly less able in both visual functioning and socioemotional status.Conclusion Corneal transplant recipients had a decreased vision-related quality of life as demonstrated by the NEI VFQ-25. Apart from anatomical success and visual acuity, ophthalmologists should also consider other aspects of visual outcome. In particular, those who received bilateral grafts require more attention. Employment programmes should be part of corneal transplantation rehabilitation planning.Eye (London, England) 06/2012; 26(9):1249-55. · 1.97 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The Shahroud Eye Cohort Study was set up to determine the prevalence and incidence of visual impairment and major eye conditions in the 40-64-year-old population of Shahroud as a Middle Eastern population. The first phase of the study was conducted in 2009-10. Using random cluster sampling, 6311 Shahroud inhabitants were invited for ophthalmologic examinations; of these, 5190 participants completed phase 1 (participation rate of 82.2%). All participants were interviewed to collect data on participants' demographics, occupation status, socioeconomic status, history of smoking, and medical and ophthalmic history, as well as history of medication, and the quality and duration of their insurance. DNA and plasma samples, as well as four dots of whole blood were collected from participants. Extensive optometric and ophthalmologic examinations were performed for each participant, including lensometry of current glasses, testing near and far visual acuity; determining objective and subjective refraction; eye motility; cycloplegic refraction; colour vision test; slit-lamp biomicroscopy and intraocular pressure measurement; direct and indirect fundoscopy; perimetry test; ocular biometry; corneal topography; lens and fundus photography; and the Schirmer's (1008 participants) and tear breakup time tests (1013 participants). The study data are available for collaborative research at Noor Ophthalmology Research Center, Tehran, Iran.International Journal of Epidemiology 10/2012; · 6.98 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To study the effect of cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) on frequency doubling perimetry (FDP). Patients aged 40 years or above seen at our outpatient clinic with no ocular pathology except for visually significant cataract and visual acuity 6/24 or better were eligible. They underwent FDP before and 4 to 6 weeks after cataract surgery with IOL. Screening test: Mean scores by three different scoring methods were 1.82 (3.21), 2.80 (5.54), 4.18 (9.18) before and 0.22 (0.51), 0.26 (0.63), 0.26 (0.69) after surgery (p = 0.002 0.001, < 0.0001). Threshold test: Mean deviation (MD) and pattern standard deviation (PSD) were -5.23 (3.08) and 5.15 (2.78) before and -2.94 [corrected] (2.49) (p < 0.0001) and 5.21 (1.780) (p = 0.63) after surgery. The screening test should be interpreted cautiously in the presence of cataract. On threshold testing, cataract surgery causes significant decrease in MD but no change in PSD.Current Eye Research 02/2005; 30(2):123-8. · 1.71 Impact Factor