Stereological study of gonadotropes in the frog, Rana pipiens, after GnRH stimulation in vitro.
ABSTRACT Previous physiological results have indicated the existence of two releasable pools of gonadotropins in amphibian pituitaries: an acute releasable pool that appears independent of protein synthesis, and a storage pool involved in chronic release that depends on protein synthesis. To elucidate the ultrastructural localization of these pools and the morphological changes induced in gonadotrope cells after treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone, we carried out a morphometric study of immuno-identified gonadotrope cells using an in vitro superfusion system. Treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone induced a degranulation of small (110-255 nm) and medium (236-360 nm) secretory granules as well as hypertrophy of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex. Simultaneous incubation with gonadotropin-releasing hormone and cycloheximide inhibited the release of secretory granules although the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex were hypertrophied. These morphological results strongly suggest: (1) that gonadotropin-releasing hormone induces degranulation and hypertrophy of the biosynthetic machinery in gonadotrope cells; and (2) that the activation of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex by stimulation with gonadotropin-releasing hormone is independent of protein synthesis, while the release of secretory granules is protein synthesis-dependent. In addition, the second or "storage" pool of gonadotropin is associated mainly with the small and medium secretory granules.
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ABSTRACT: The effect of pimozide and an LHRH-analogue (LHRH-A) on gonadotropic cells of the goldfish pituitary gland were described qualitatively and quantitatively. A scale of four categories was devised to reflect various ultrastructural appearances of the cells. Experimental animals were divided into a control group, a group injected with LHRH-A alone, pimozide alone, and groups receiving these two substances in combination. Fish injected with the single substance were killed 12 h after injection while the groups receiving the combined treatments were killed at 4, 12 and 48 h. Serum levels of gonadotropin measured by radioimmunoassay were used to indicate whether an increase in hormone release had occurred. An immunocytochemical technique, the protein A-gold procedure, assured that the cells studied were gonadotropes. The control group showed variation in the profiles of gonadotropic cells. The single treatment groups showed some increase in secretory inclusions. At 4 h after injection the combined treatment caused a significant increase in hormone granules; at 12 and 48 h there was a gradual decrease in content of secretory products, and an increase in vacuolization. The results indicate that the combined pimozide and LHRH-A treatment stimulated gonadotropin production as well as release.Cell and Tissue Research 04/1987; 247(3):477-82. · 3.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A quantitative electron microscopy study was carried out to characterize the luteinizing hormone (LH) contained secretory granules in response to exogenous luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) alone or in combination with calmodulin inhibitor (W13) in orchidectomized rats pretreated with estrogen. The plasma LH concentration rose quickly 30 min after a single large LHRH injection, and then gradually increased further until 150 min. However, the rise was attenuated by supplemental administration of W13 30 min after LHRH exposure. The mean diameter of secretory granules quickly decreased inversely to the increase of plasma LH concentration after LHRH injection. However, the mean diameter increased significantly in accordance with the complete attenuation of the increase in LH release caused by administration of W13. There was an inverse correlation between the diameter of secretory granules and plasma LH concentration. Small secretory granules with low electron density frequently appeared in castration cells after LHRH injection. It is concluded that reduced size and density of secretory granules is the main morphological standard responsible for extraordinary LH secretion from gonadotrophs.Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 02/1986; 44(1):11-5. · 4.04 Impact Factor
- Journal of applied physiology 04/1962; 17:343-8. · 3.73 Impact Factor