The late event related potentials CNV and PINV in normal and dyslexic subjects.
ABSTRACT The most prominent ERP to occur during intervals of preparation and anticipation is the contingent negative variation (CNV) or expectancy wave. The resolution of this wave is called the postimperative negative variation (PINV). The purpose of this study was to distinguish the characteristics of the CNV and the PINV in a group of children with reading disabilities or dyslexia and to compare them from a group of normal readers. Nine righthanded boys aged between 10-13 years with reading disabilities were studied. The children were matched with a group of nine normal readers. Four derivations were used: frontal, central, parietal and occipital zones, with reference to linked ears. Data were analyzed using multivariate procedures. Significant differences between groups in CNV amplitude and in PINV amplitude and latency at the left parietal site were observed. We discuss the participation of this zone and we consider processes like expectancy, attention and brain activity signal processing in the differences mentioned.