The relationship between panic disorder/agoraphobia and personality disorders

Phobia and Anxiety Disorders Clinic, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus.
Psychiatric Clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 2.13). 01/1991; 13(4):661-84.
Source: PubMed


This selective review of the relationship between panic disorder/agoraphobia and DSM-III personality disorders points to a preponderance of dependent, avoidant, and histrionic features and reveals a certain degree of covariation between severity of Axis I disorder and personality functioning. However, the link between panic/agoraphobia and Axis II disorders does not appear to be specific because (1) general features such as neuroticism, stress, dysphoric mood, and interpersonal sensitivity, rather than duration and severity of panic attacks and phobias, emerge as unique predictors or determinants of personality disorder; and (2) similar personality profiles are obtained in a heterogenous population of psychiatric outpatients or patients with social phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and major depression.

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