Cephalometric evaluation of pharyngeal obstructive factors in patients with sleep apneas syndrome.

University Hospital, Strasbourg, France.
The Angle Orthodontist (Impact Factor: 1.28). 02/1990; 60(2):115-22. DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(1990)060<0115:CEOPOF>2.0.CO;2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine accurately the morphological characteristics specific to patients with sleep apneas syndrome (SAS), a group of 43 adult males with SAS was compared in a cephalometric evaluation with a homologous control group. In SAS patients, the soft palate was elongated; the sagittal dimensions of upper face and anterior cranial base were reduced and correlated with reduced bony pharynx opening; and the increased lower face height was associated with a retruded position of the chin and tongue, thus contributing to lower pharynx crowding. With the four variables entering the discriminant function analysis, 93 percent of the whole population was correctly classified. If anatomical rehabilitation of the pharynx is to be envisaged, the leading factors to consider should be: soft palate length, maxillary position, chin and tongue position, in that order.

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