Fluoro-Gold: a new fluorescent retrograde axonal tracer with numerous unique properties.
ABSTRACT A new fluorescent dye, Fluoro-Gold, has been demonstrated to undergo retrograde axonal transport. Its properties include intense fluorescence, extensive filling of dendrites, high resistance to fading, no uptake by intact undamaged fibers of passage, no diffusion from labeled cells, consistent and pure commercial source, wide latitude of survival times and compatibility with all other tested neuro-histochemical techniques.
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ABSTRACT: Fluoro-Ruby, the fluorescent tetramethylrhodamine-dextran-amine used to demonstrate anterograde axon transport, has been successfully photoconverted and subsequently localized by electron microscopy. The photoconversion was accomplished by irradiating the tissue with green light while bathing it in a solution containing DAB. The tissue could then be examined by brightfield microscopy or processed for conventional electron microscopy. Potential advantages of the technique include greater permanence and contrast at the light microscopic level and the ability to resolve synaptic connectivity at the electron microscopic level.Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 06/1993; 41(5):777-82. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Study of the afferents of the rat globus pallidus (GP) with Fluoro-gold, a retrograde tracer, revealed retrogradely labeled neurons in the ipsilateral parafascicular nucleus of the thalamus (PF), a previously undescribed afferent of the rat GP. We used the anterograde tracer, Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin (PHA-L), to confirm and extend our findings. After injections of PHA-L in the PF, labeled fibers with varicosities and terminal specializations were observed in the ipsilateral GP. The topographical organization of the projection is such that lateral and ventral PF neurons project preferentially to respective parts of the GP, and medial PF neurons project primarily to the ventral GP. There were very few labeled fibers seen in the dorsal or medial GP. The presently described projection from the PF to the GP provides an additional route for the PF to influence basal ganglia circuitry.Brain Research 08/1991; 553(1):18-26. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine if substance P- or prodynorphin-containing neurons of the medial nucleus of the amygdala and medial bed nucleus of the stria terminalis send projections to the medial preoptic area in the male Syrian hamster, we placed a fluorescent retrograde tract tracer (either Fluoro-gold, or rhodamine- or fluorescein-impregnated latex microspheres) into the medial preoptic area. Five to seven days later, the animals were treated with colchicine, allowed to survive for 48 h and the brains were processed for immunofluorescence histochemistry. Tissue sections were incubated in either rat anti-substance P or rabbit anti-C-peptide (the C-terminal sequence of dynorphin B) antiserum followed by incubation in either fluorescein- or rhodamine-conjugated anti-rabbit or anti-rat antiserum. When the injection site of retrograde tracer was centered within the caudal one-third of the medial preoptic area, labeled cell bodies were observed caudally in the medial part of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Retrogradely labeled cell bodies were also observed in the posterodorsal subdivision of the medial nucleus of the amygdala. Both prodynorphin and substance P immunolabeling were observed in retrogradely labeled neurons in these two areas but fewer of these projection neurons were immunolabeled with substance P antiserum than with C-peptide antiserum. These projections may play a role in the peptidergic modulation of reproductive behavior in this species.Brain Research 05/1991; 546(1):119-31. · 2.88 Impact Factor