Rapid down regulation of beta-adrenoceptors by co-administration of desipramine and fluoxetine.

Merrell Dow Research Institute, Cincinnati, OH 45215.
European Journal of Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.68). 10/1988; 154(2):125-34. DOI: 10.1016/0014-2999(88)90089-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Co-administration of desipramine and fluoxetine resulted in a 27% decline in cerebral cortical beta-adrenoceptor density after four days - a time point at which neither agent alone was effective. After 14 days, desipramine- and desipramine + fluoxetine-treated rats showed decreased receptor levels, with a greater decrement seen with the combined treatment. Fluoxetine, alone, had no affect on beta-adrenoceptor density at any time point examined. These effects are attributable to central serotonergic action since they were prevented by prior treatment with p-chlorophenylalanine. Cyproheptadine, a 5-HT2 antagonist, did not block these effects. Independent administration of fluoxetine and desipramine produced approximately 20% decrement in isoproterenol-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation after four days of treatment. Co-administration of desipramine and fluoxetine resulted in a 35% decrement in cyclic AMP accumulation which was nearly additive with that produced by either drug alone. Consequently, the combination of a norepinephrine and serotonin uptake inhibitor may be an advantageous and rapid treatment for the alleviation of certain forms of depression.

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