Antigenic characterization of human interferon derived from amniotic membranes induced by virus.
ABSTRACT The presence of protein(s) with interferon (IFN)-like activity in culture fluid from human amniotic membranes induced by viruses has been described by different groups. However, the antigenic structure of this protein is controversial. Here we report the presence of IFN activity in supernatants of human amniotic membranes induced by Sendai virus. The major component responsible for this antiviral activity seems to be the classical IFN-beta. However, we were able to demonstrate the presence of a protein fraction with antiviral activity that does not bind to an affinity column for IFN-beta. The antiviral activity of this unbound fraction cannot be neutralized by antibodies to IFN-alpha, -beta, gamma, or by a mixture of them. We called this unbound fraction IFN-AM. We also report the development of a monoclonal antibody that does not neutralize the antiviral activity of IFN-alpha or IFN-beta but reduces the antiviral activity of a partially purified preparation of Sendai virus-induced amniotic membrane supernatant. These observations suggest that the IFN-AM (the unbound fraction that lacks reactivity with antibodies against known IFNs) contains a unique antigenic determinant that is not present, or, if so, is not located at the functional domain of IFN-alpha, -beta, or -gamma.
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ABSTRACT: In order to characterize further the human amniotic membrane interferon (IFN-AM), an interferon antigenically unrelated to human IFN-alpha, -beta, and -gamma or TNF, we analysed its biological activities. Here, we present direct evidence of its ability to affect cell growth and to induce the IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) 6-16 and 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS), in addition to its crossed anti-viral activity. The cellular growth arrest effect of IFN-AM was dose-dependent and paralleled that of IFN-beta. IFN-AM was also able to inhibit thymidine incorporation into DNA, similar to IFN-beta. The mRNA induction of 6-16 gene with IFN-AM treatment reached its highest level at 500 IU/ml and remained constant up to 2000 IU/ml. Conversely, 2'-5' OAS mRNA induction was dose-dependent, with the maximum level detected at 2000 IU/ml of IFN-AM treatment. The time course of mRNA accumulation by ISGs with IFN-AM (500 IU/ml) stimulation was also investigated. Gene induction reached a maximum at 16 h after IFN treatment for 2'-5' OAS and at 48 h for the 6-16 gene. IFN-AM and human IFN-alpha induced similar levels of the OAS enzyme. IFN-AM also showed small but significant activity in bovine cells. In conclusion, the amniotic membrane IFN here studied showed both anti-cellular activity and the ability to stimulate ISG-transcriptional activation in a similar manner to IFN-beta. In addition, IFN-AM was also as able to induce the expression of the enzyme 2'-5' OAS, as did IFN-alpha. Lastly, amniotic IFN showed a significant cross-species anti-viral activity, which was different from both human IFN-alpha and -beta. Taken together, these data strongly suggest that IFN-AM is a novel sub-type I IFN.Placenta 03/1999; 20(2-3):189-96. · 3.29 Impact Factor