Article

# Potential for inert adjoint scalar field in SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics

10/2006; DOI: 10.1143/PTP.118.759

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**The continuum limit of SU(2) lattice gauge theory is carefully investigated at zero and at finite temperatures. It is found that the continuum gauge field has singularities originating from center degrees of freedom being discovered in Landau gauge. Our numerical results show that the density of these singularities properly extrapolates to a non-vanishing continuum limit. The action density of the non-trivial Z_2 links is tentatively identified with the gluon condensate. We find for temperatures larger than the deconfinement temperature that the thermal fluctuations of the embedded Z_2 gauge theory result in an increase of the gluon condensate with increasing temperature.Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements 11/2001; · 0.88 Impact Factor -
##### Article: A Planck-scale axion and SU(2) Yang-Mills dynamics: Present acceleration and the fate of the photon

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**ABSTRACT:**From the time of CMB decoupling onwards we investigate cosmological evolution subject to a strongly interacting SU(2) gauge theory of Yang-Mills scale $\Lambda\sim 10^{-4}$ eV (masquerading as the $U(1)_{Y}$ factor of the SM at present). The viability of this postulate is discussed in view of cosmological and (astro)particle physics bounds. The gauge theory is coupled to a spatially homogeneous and ultra-light (Planck-scale) axion field. As first pointed out by Frieman et al., such an axion is a viable candidate for quintessence, i.e. dynamical dark energy, being associated with today's cosmological acceleration. A prediction of an upper limit $\Delta t_{m_\gamma=0}$ for the duration of the epoch stretching from the present to the point where the photon starts to be Meissner massive is obtained: $\Delta t_{m_\gamma=0}\sim 2.2$ billion years.European Physical Journal C 01/2006; · 5.25 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**In this report we consider the numerical simulations at finite temperature using lattice QCD data for the computation of the thermodynamical quantities including the pressure, energy density and the entropy density. These physical quantities can be related to the equation of state for quarks and gluons. We shall apply the lattice data to the evaluation of the specific structure of the gluon and quark condensates at finite temperature in relation to the deconfinement and chiral phase transitions. Finally we mention the quantum nature of the phases at lower temperatures.Physics Reports 09/2006; · 22.93 Impact Factor

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