Supergravity description of spacetime instantons

Classical and Quantum Gravity (Impact Factor: 3.56). 08/2006; DOI:10.1088/0264-9381/24/3/001
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We present and discuss BPS instanton solutions that appear in type II string theory compactifications on Calabi-Yau threefolds. From an effective action point of view these arise as finite action solutions of the Euclidean equations of motion in four-dimensional N=2 supergravity coupled to tensor multiplets. As a solution generating technique we make use of the c-map, which produces instanton solutions from either Euclidean black holes or from Taub-NUT like geometries.

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    ABSTRACT: We study a class of supersymmetric spinning particle models derived from the radial quantization of stationary, spherically symmetric black holes of four dimensional N= 2 supergravities. By virtue of the c-map, these spinning particles move in quaternionic Kaehler manifolds. Their spinning degrees of freedom describe mini-superspace-reduced supergravity fermions. We quantize these models using BRST detour complex technology. The construction of a nilpotent BRST charge is achieved by using local (worldline) supersymmetry ghosts to generating special holonomy transformations. (An interesting byproduct of the construction is a novel Dirac operator on the superghost extended Hilbert space.) The resulting quantized models are gauge invariant field theories with fields equaling sections of special quaternionic vector bundles. They underly and generalize the quaternionic version of Dolbeault cohomology discovered by Baston. In fact, Baston's complex is related to the BPS sector of the models we write down. Our results rely on a calculus of operators on quaternionic Kaehler manifolds that follows from BRST machinery, and although directly motivated by black hole physics, can be broadly applied to any model relying on quaternionic geometry. Comment: 46 pages, LaTeX
    Communications in Mathematical Physics 03/2010; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Theories with axionic scalars admit three different Euclidean formulations, obtained by Wick rotation, Wick rotation combined with analytic continuation of the axionic scalars, and Wick rotation combined with Hodge dualization. We investigate the relation between these formulations for a class of theories which contains the sigma models of N=2 vector multiplets as a special case. It is shown that semi-classical amplitudes can be expressed equivalently using the two types of axionic actions, while the Hodge dualized version gives a different value for the instanton action unless the integration constants associated with the axion fields are chosen in a particular way. With this choice the instanton action is equal to the mass of the soliton or black hole obtained by dimensional lifting with respect to time. For supersymmetric models we use the Euclidean supersymmetry algebra to derive a Euclidean BPS condition, and we identify a geometrical criterion which distinguishes BPS from non-BPS extremal solutions.
    Journal of Physics A Mathematical and Theoretical 11/2010; 44(17). · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By analyzing qualitative aspects of NS5-brane instanton corrections, we determine the topology of the hypermultiplet moduli space M_H in Calabi-Yau compactifications of type II string theories at fixed value of the dilaton and of the Calabi-Yau metric. Specifically, we show that for fivebrane instanton couplings to be well-defined, translations along the intermediate Jacobian must induce non-trivial shifts of the Neveu-Schwarz axion which had thus far been overlooked. As a result, the Neveu-Schwarz axion parametrizes the fiber of a circle bundle, isomorphic to the one in which the fivebrane partition function is valued. In the companion paper arXiv:1010.5792, we go beyond the present analysis and take steps towards a quantitative description of fivebrane instanton corrections, using a combination of mirror symmetry, S-duality, topological string theory and twistor techniques.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 09/2010; 83(2).


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Mathijs de Vroome