Calla-positive acute leukaemia with t(5q;14q) translocation and hypereosinophilia--a unique entity?
ABSTRACT A patient with common acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), hypereosinophilic syndrome and t(5;14) (q31.1;q32.3) translocation is described. Even with intensive treatment only short periods of complete remission were achieved. Recurrence of the leukaemia was always accompanied by the appearance of eosinophilic granulocytes in the blood and in the bone marrow. Although there is no experimental proof we assume that the hypereosinophilic syndrome is causally related to the chromosome aberration. Translocation of the GM-CSF gene from chromosome No. 5 to chromosome No. 14, might have led to the deregulation of the gene by enhancer sequences of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain region on chromosome No. 14, with the consequence of an overproduction of neutrophilic and particularly eosinophilic granulocytes. Furthermore, stimulation of the leukaemic cell clone may have occurred by this translocation. The similarity of the clinical course with cases described in the literature suggests that this condition is a unique entity of ALL.
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ABSTRACT: Patients suffering from adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia are acutely ill and present most commonly with fever, pallor, bleeding, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly and presence of lymphoblasts in the peripheral blood and bone marrow. We describe a rare presentation of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, in a young adult male who had vague and minimal symptoms with mild splenomegaly. There was severe eosinophilia along with absence of blasts in the peripheral blood, and 40% blasts with increase in eosinophils in the bone marrow. The blasts were positive for common precursor B cell markers on flow cytometry. The patient had a unique cytogenetic abnormality t(7;12)(q22;p13),-9, not previously described in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. He was categorized as poor risk due to failure to achieve complete remission after induction with UK ALL XII chemotherapy.Journal of Hematology & Oncology 07/2009; 2:26. · 4.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report two cases of t(12;13)(p13;q12). One was found in a lymphoid disorder, as previously described, while the second was observed in a myeloproliferative syndrome with hypereosinophilia. As t(12;13) has already been described in association with hypereosinophilia in a case of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, we suggest that the association of t(12;13) with hypereosinophilia is not random.Leukemia and Lymphoma 06/2009; 4(3):211-213. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a poorly understood disorder characterized by a markedly elevated peripheral blood eosinophil count in the absence of known associated causes of hypereosinophilia. Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome is associated with eosinophil-induced organ damage, including endomyocardial and pulmonary fibrosis, stroke, and gastrointestinal disease. Treatment of idiopathic HES is centered on the reduction of peripheral circulating eosinophils in an effort to diminish tissue infiltration and destruction. Multiple cytotoxic agents have been tried, with variable resutts. Prednisone and hydroxyurea have remained the therapies of choice in long term treatment of idiopathic HES. We report here the successful 2 year treatment of aggressive idiopathic HES, refractory to hyroxyurea and prednisone, with α-interferon. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.American Journal of Hematology 03/1994; 45(3):248-251. · 3.48 Impact Factor