Amino acid sequences of pilins from serologically distinct strains of Bacteroides nodosus
ABSTRACT Amino acid sequences of pilin from a strain of Bacteroides nodosus from serogroup B (234) and serogroup C (217) were determined. The amino-terminal N-methylphenlalanine residue of both proteins was followed by a hydrophobic sequence of 30 residues closely related to the N-terminal sequence of other pili having an amino-terminal residue of N-methylphenylalanine. These data lend support to the hypothesis that in pilins of this type, the amino-terminal sequence functions as a transport signal necessary for pilin to reach its external environment, as well as promoting intersubunit interactions for maintenance of the structural integrity of the pilus. Two hydrophilic hypervariable regions can be discerned across the pilin sequences, indicating possible locations of antigenic domains.
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ABSTRACT: Sequences of pilin genes from four strains of serogroup B of the ovine pathogen Bacteroides nodosus have been determined. These sequences permit comparisons of amino acid sequence between pilins from different subtypes (B1, B2, B3, B4) of the B serogroup and assessment of intraserogroup variation. Pili of B. nodosus strains 234 (B1) and 183 (B2) were produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa harboring a plasmid-borne B. nodosus pilin gene, and these pili were used in sheep vaccination trials. Pili from strain 183 (B2) were found to be a senior antigen to pili from strains of other B subtypes, providing protection against footrot infection caused by strains of the other B subtypes. Pili of this strain are therefore the most suitable candidate for inclusion in a pilus-based vaccine. Pili of strain 234 from subtype B1, the reference strain of the B serogroup, provided poor protection against infection with other subtypes.Infection and Immunity 07/1990; 58(6):1545-51. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The antigenic competition that occurs when pilus antigens of different serogroups are combined in multivalent vaccines for foot rot has been investigated using recombinant pilus antigens. Our prototype vaccine contains pili from nine serogroups of Dichelobacter nodosus which are expressed in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Sheep inoculated with this multivalent vaccine were not as well protected against foot rot as those given the monovalent vaccine. Levels of agglutinating and total antibody specific for any particular pili serogroup were found to be significantly reduced in sheep vaccinated with six or more closely related pili. This effect was more pronounced for agglutinating antibody, which is thought to mediate protection, but was also observed with total antibody levels measured by ELISA. The antigenic competition was not associated with the total antigen load as a tenfold higher dose of monovalent pili induced high titres of antibody. Furthermore, distributing the vaccine to four sites, each draining to a different lymph node, failed to overcome the competition. Experiments with mixtures of monospecific sera indicate that the phenomenon is unlikely to be due to blocking of serogroup-specific protective antibodies by an excess of cross-reactive non-protective antibody elicited by heterologous pili.Vaccine 05/1994; 12(5):457-64. DOI:10.1016/0264-410X(94)90125-2 · 3.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A protein was extracted from whole cells of Prevotella intermedia ATCC 25611 with sodium lauroylsarcosine and purified by chromatography on a DEAE-Sepharose fast-flow column. The The apparent molecular weight of the protein was 55,000. A mouse polyclonal antibody specific for the protein recognized the cell surface structure of P. intermedia and also reacted with proteins in lysates of other black-pigmented anaerobic bacteria, such as Porphyromonas endodontalis and Prevotella melaninogenica, but not with those in lysates of Porphyromonas gingivalis or with the purified fimbriae of P. gingivalis 381. The N-terminal sequence of the 55-kDa protein showed only low homology with the cell surface proteins of any black-pigmented bacteria reported to date. The level of immunoglobulin G antibody to the antigen was higher in the sera of patients with periodontitis than in the sera of healthy volunteers. The protein induced interleukin-1 alpha, -1 beta, -6, and -8 and tumor necrosis factor alpha in human peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures and interleukin-1 beta and -6 in human umbilical vascular endothelial cell and gingival fibroblast cultures. The protein induced interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha activities in peritoneal macrophages from C3H/HeJ as well as from C3H/HeN mice and also induced cytokine activities in the sera of both strains of mice primed with muramyldipeptide.Infection and Immunity 07/1994; 62(6):2459-69. · 3.73 Impact Factor