Localized amyloidosis of seminal vesicles: report of three cases in surgically obtained material.

Department of Pathology, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C.
Modern Pathology (Impact Factor: 6.19). 12/1989; 2(6):671-5.
Source: PubMed


Localized amyloidosis of the seminal vesicles (ASV) is reported as an incidental finding in surgical specimens from three elderly men. In two cases, the amyloid deposits were bilateral, subepithelial, and clinically inapparent, features similar to other cases in the literature. In one case, the diagnosis was made on a transrectal prostatic needle biopsy that included a small portion of seminal vesicle; to our knowledge, this has not been previously reported. Electron microscopy in one case demonstrated nonbranching fibrils characteristic of amyloid, and pretreatment of tissue sections using the permanganate method in two cases showed almost complete ablation of congophilia. Evidence suggests that ASV is a permanganate-sensitive, non-AA (amyloid, protein A) type of amyloid that may be different from all other types of amyloid previously characterized.

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    ABSTRACT: Three specimens of localized amyloidosis of the seminal vesicle surgically removed for prostatic cancer were immunohistochemically analyzed to clarify the nature of the permanganate-sensitive congophilic subepithelial deposition. A variety of known amyloidogenic substances and secretory products in the seminal fluid were screened using the indirect immunoperoxidase method. In addition to reactivities with antibodies to amyloid P component and human seminal plasma, the amyloid material was immunoreactive for lactoferrin using a rabbit antiserum and two of three mouse monoclonal antibodies. All the antibodies labeled some of the normal seminal vesicle epithelial cells for this ironbinding, bacteriostatic glycoprotein. In the prostate without accompanying amyloid deposition, a considerable proportion of the glandular epithelium and secretory material were positive for lactoferrin. Pre-embedding immunoelectron microscopy showed lactoferrin immunoreactivity on the amyloid fibrils. Focal staining of the amyloid for gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 was also observed in two lesions. These findings strongly suggest that lactoferrin is the major constituent in localized senile amyloidosis of the seminal vesicle.
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