Gastroesophageal reflux, fundoplication, and dumping: literature review and case study.
ABSTRACT This article describes a very uncommon phenomenon that can result from surgery to correct gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Although, GER is a common illness in infants, the methods of management and nursing care are diverse. Review of the literature on GER and dumping are discussed and a case study of a girl with dumping following a fundoplication is presented.
Article: Gastroesophageal reflux in infants.New England Journal of Medicine 10/1983; 309(13):790-2. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Milk thickening agents are believed to reduce episodes of gastroesophageal reflux, but their use has not been evaluated thoroughly. We studied the effect of these agents in 30 bottle-fed babies, 6-8 weeks old, with clinical gastroesophageal reflux pathology. Continuous 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring revealed gastroesophageal reflux pathology for all parameters studied: reflux index (18.4%), duration of the longest reflux episode (23.3 min), number of reflux episodes in 24 h (34.5), number of reflux episodes greater than 5 min (6.8). All investigations were performed in prone-anti-Trendelenburg position. The infants were treated with milk thickening agents (1 g to 115 ml, as recommended by Carre). Most (n = 25) showed clinical improvement of their symptoms. A second pH monitoring was performed under treatment conditions after 7-14 days, and showed in 24 infants a decrease of the number of reflux episodes (15.1 in 24 h) (p less than 0.001), but a comparable reflux index (17.8%) (NS) and number of long lasting (greater than 5 min) reflux episodes (7.8) (NS). The duration of the longest reflux episode, however, increased significantly (56.6 min) (p less than 0.001). In six infants all parameters were within normal ranges at follow-up. Milk thickening agents seem clinically effective as a treatment for gastroesophageal reflux in individual cases, but can lead to occult gastroesophageal reflux episodes of long duration, possibly increasing the risk for esophagitis or respiratory dysfunction.Clinical Pediatrics 03/1987; 26(2):66-8. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A prospective randomized study was done on 45 patients to evaluate the effectiveness of the Hill, Nissen or Belsey anti-reflux procedure. All patients had symptoms of GE reflux unresponsive to medical therapy, a + standard acid reflux test (SART), and esophagitis (38/45) or + Burnstein test (7/45). Esophageal symptomatic, radiographic, manometric and pH (SART and 24-hr monitoring) evaluation was done pre- and 154 days (ave.) postsurgery. All procedures improved the symptoms of pyrosis. The best improvement was seen after the Nissen repair. All procedures increased the distal esophageal sphincter (DES) pressures over preoperative levels. The Nissen and Belsey increased it more than the Hill. Sphincter length and dynamics remained unchanged. The Nissen procedure placed more of the manometric sphincter below the respiratory inversion point in the positive pressure environment of the abdomen. The esophageal length was increased by the Nissen and Hill repairs. This was thought to account for the high incidence of temporary postsurgery dysphagia following the Nissen and Hill repairs and the lower incidence following the Belsey repair. Reflux was most effectively prevented by the Nissen repair, as shown by the SART and the 24-hr esophageal pH monitoring, a sensitive measurement of frequency and duration of reflux. The average length of hospital stay was 20 days for Belsey and 12 days for both Nissen and Hill procedure. Postsurgery complications were more common following the thoracic than the abdominal approach. Ability to vomit postrepair was greatest with the Hill and least with the Belsey and Nissen repair. All procedures temporarily increased amount of flatus. It is concluded that the Nissen repair best controls reflux and its symptoms by providing the greatest increase in DES pressure and placing more of the sphincter in the positive abdominal environment. This is accomplished with the lowest morbidity but at the expense of temporary postoperative dysphagia and a 50% chance of being unable to vomit after the repair.Annals of Surgery 11/1974; 180(4):511-25. · 6.33 Impact Factor