Local increase in interleukin-1-like activity following UVB irradiation of human skin in vivo
Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Photo-dermatology
Using an in vivo skin chamber method, we demonstrated increased release of interleukin-1 (IL-1)-like activity at the site of irradiation with 3 times the minimal erythema dose of ultraviolet B (UVB). IL-1-like activity was estimated using the mouse thymocyte amplification assay. UVB-augmented release of IL-1-like activity peaked 1 h after irradiation and levels returned to baseline by 2 h. Release of IL-1-like activity from human skin after exposure to UV radiation may account for some of the local and systemic features of the sunburn response.
Available from: Graham I Harrison
- "J Invest Dermatol 108:592, 1997 (abstr.) a 300-fold molar excess of IL-1Ra above the sum of IL-1α and IL-1β for both irradiated and unirradiated skin, but other studies suggest that a considerable excess of IL-1Ra is required to inhibit fully the IL-1 activity (Arend et al, 1990). The detection by bioassay of increased IL-1-like activity in abraded UVB-irradiated skin (Murphy et al, 1989) is evidence that IL-1 agonist activity predominates over IL-1Ra in skin exudate. TNF-α induces IL-1Ra and IL-1α release from keratinocytes (Kutsch et al, 1993). "
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cytokines induced in skin by ultraviolet radiation cause local and systemic immunosuppression. Tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1, and interleukin-10 are key mediators in the mouse, but less is known about cytokine synthesis and function in ultraviolet-irradiated human skin. We exposed human skin to 3 minimal erythema doses of solar-simulated radiation and raised suction blisters at intervals to 72 h. Alloantigen presentation was suppressed in a mixed epidermal cell-lymphocyte reaction by 69% from 4 to 15 h post-solar-simulated radiation, but recovered to control values by 24 h. Tumor necrosis factor alpha was raised at 4 h after solar-simulated radiation, reached a maximum 8-fold increase at 15 h, then rapidly declined to control values. Interleukin-1alpha and interleukin-1beta were first increased at 15 h, and remained raised to 72 h, although interleukin-1beta declined from its 15 h maximum. Interleukin-10 increased a maximum 2-fold between 15 and 24 h, coincident with recovery of mixed epidermal cell-lymphocyte reaction responses and downregulation of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1beta. Solar-simulated radiation differentially affected soluble tumor necrosis factor alpha receptors; soluble tumor necrosis factor-RI was suppressed 33% at 8-15 h whereas soluble tumor necrosis factor-RII increased 2-fold from 15 to 48 h. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist was raised at all times post-irradiation. Interleukin-12 was not detectable in control or irradiated skin. These kinetics suggest the tumor necrosis factor alpha network has primary importance in ultraviolet-damaged human skin. The small increase in interleukin-10 implies that 3 minimal erythema doses of solar-simulated radiation is the threshold dose for its induction and local, rather than systemic, functions for interleukin-10 in immunosuppression and regulation of other cytokines.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology 06/1999; 112(5):692-8. DOI:10.1046/j.1523-1747.1999.00570.x · 7.22 Impact Factor
Available from: Kevin D Cooper
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The objective of these studies was to characterize the IL-1 inhibitory activity present in normal and psoriatic epidermis from clinically stable lesions. Fractionation of normal epidermal cytosol on a molecular sizing column failed to reveal the presence of IL-1 inhibitory bioactivity. However, specific ELISAs indicated that both the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) and IL-1 alpha were present in overlapping peaks. Further fractionation of the normal epidermal cytosol by anion exchange chromatography separated these two molecules, revealing the IL-1 inhibitory bioactivity of the IL-1ra molecule. Similar studies on psoriatic epidermal cytosol indicated the presence of IL-1 inhibitory bioactivity and IL-1ra protein. The IL-1 inhibitory bioactivity of both normal and psoriatic cytosol was neutralized by a mAb specific for IL-1ra. The ratio of IL-1ra to IL-1 alpha proteins was significantly increased in involved psoriatic skin compared with normal skin. By Western blot analysis this IL-1ra was approximately 20 kD, slightly larger than monocyte-derived IL-1ra and equivalent to an intracellular variant of IL-1ra expressed by keratinocytes. Polymerase chain reaction indicated the presence of mRNA for both forms of IL-1ra in normal epidermis, with both forms increased in psoriatic-involved skin. Immunofluorescence studies revealed the IL-1ra protein to be concentrated in the stratum granulosum of normal skin and in the basal-midbasal layers of psoriatic epidermis. These results suggest that the balance between intracellular IL-1ra and IL-1 alpha may be an important influence on keratinocyte growth and/or differentiation, as well as on the inflammatory potential of IL-1 in injured skin.
Journal of Clinical Investigation 09/1992; 90(2):571-83. DOI:10.1172/JCI115896 · 13.22 Impact Factor
Available from: John B Warren
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: 1. The role of nitric oxide synthase and cyclo-oxygenase in the skin blood flow response to ultraviolet light B (u.v.B) irradiation was investigated in the rat in vivo. 2. Local skin blood flow changes were measured in the shaved dorsal skin of anaesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats with a laser Doppler flow probe. 3. u.v.B irradiation caused delayed onset vasodilation and by 18 h basal blood flow increased by 125 +/- 25% (P < 0.05, n = 12 rats, mean +/- s.e. mean). 4. Indomethacin, 3 nmol per site, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) 100 nmol per site, but not D-NAME 100 nmol per site, injected locally 17.5 h after u.v.B irradiation abolished the 18 h increase in blood flow. 5. The nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NAME, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) and canavanine, 10 and 100 nmol per site injected at 17.5 h, suppressed significantly the u.v.B 18 h response in a dose-dependent manner. The order of potency was L-NAME > canavanine = L-NMMA. The effect of L-NAME was reversed partially by the co-injection of an excess of L-arginine. 6. Topical application of the corticosteroid, clobetasol 17-propionate, immediately after irradiation inhibited the 18 h u.v.B response in a dose-dependent manner. 7. The delayed onset microcirculatory vasodilation induced by u.v.B involves both nitric oxide synthase and cyclo-oxygenase in this in vivo model. Topical corticosteroids may attenuate the response by inhibiting both prostaglandin and nitric oxide synthesis pathways.
British Journal of Pharmacology 07/1993; 109(3):802-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1476-5381.1993.tb13645.x · 4.84 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.