Effect of n-3 fatty acid supplement to patients with atopic dermatitis.
ABSTRACT The effects of dietary supplement with n-3 fatty acids to patients with atopic dermatitis were investigated in a 12-week, prospective, double-blind study. The experimental group received daily 10 g of fish oil, containing 3 g n-3 fatty acids, of which eicosapentaenoic acid represented about 1.8 g. The controls received an isoenergetic placebo supplement containing olive oil. Compliance was monitored by gas chromatographic analysis of fatty acid pattern in serum phospholipids. Results favoured the experimental group with regard to scale (P less than 0.05), itch (P less than 0.05) and overall subjective severity (P less than 0.02) as compared to the controls.