DNA mismatch correction in a defined system.

Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710.
Science (Impact Factor: 31.48). 08/1989; 245(4914):160-4. DOI: 10.1126/science.2665076
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT DNA mismatch correction is a strand-specific process involving recognition of noncomplementary Watson-Crick nucleotide pairs and participation of widely separated DNA sites. The Escherichia coli methyl-directed reaction has been reconstituted in a purified system consisting of MutH, MutL, and MutS proteins, DNA helicase II, single-strand DNA binding protein, DNA polymerase III holoenzyme, exonuclease I, DNA ligase, along with ATP (adenosine triphosphate), and the four deoxynucleoside triphosphates. This set of proteins can process seven of the eight base-base mismatches in a strand-specific reaction that is directed by the state of methylation of a single d(GATC) sequence located 1 kilobase from the mispair.

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