Long acting somatostatin analogue in dumping syndrome.
ABSTRACT The effect of long acting somatostatin analogue, SMS 201-995, on postprandial dumping syndrome was studied in eight patients with Billroth II gastric resection. Each patient was subjected to two oral glucose challenges with 75 g glucose. One challenge was premedicated with 50 micrograms SMS 201-995 subcutaneously 15 min before the oral intake of glucose, the other with placebo. With placebo all patients experienced the subjective symptoms of the early dumping syndrome with significant (P less than 0.001) increases (mean (s.d.)) in pulse rate (from 66 (8) to 102 (10) beats/min), in packed cell volume (from 0.36 (0.05) to 0.43 (0.1) l/l) and in the plasma levels of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (from 3.0 (0.5) to 10.2 (1.8) pmol/l). During the somatostatin study the subjective symptoms and the changes in the various parameters were not detected. In the control study seven patients showed postprandial hypoglycemia. In these patients significant elevations (P less than 0.001) in the insulin level (from 10 (0.9) to 40 (9.1) microE/ml) and gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) concentration (from 100 (13) to 220 (41) ng/l) were seen, compared with the initial values. During the application of SMS 201-995 hypoglycaemia did not develop and plasma insulin and GIP concentrations remained unchanged. These results indicate that the long acting somatostatin analogue alleviates the symptoms of early and late postprandial dumping syndromes.
- SourceAvailable from: Wim P M Hopman[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In six patients suffering from severe early dumping and six patients with late dumping after peptic ulcer surgery, the effect of the somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 was compared with placebo. In early dumpers subcutaneous administration of 50 micrograms SMS 201-995 prior to meal ingestion induced a strong improvement of dumping symptoms as reflected by a decrease of the Sigstad dumping score from 12 +/- 2 during placebo to 5 +/- 2 (p less than 0.05). Furthermore, the postprandial increase of pulse rate was abolished; maximum pulse rate decreased from 85 +/- 7 beats/min to 67 +/- 7 beats/min (p less than 0.05). SMS 201-995 did not significantly affect postprandial changes in packed cell volume. In late dumpers 50 micrograms SMS 201-995 reduced peak plasma insulin after oral glucose from 173 +/- 16 mU/L during placebo to 35 +/- 9 mU/L during SMS 201-995 (p less than 0.05) and increased individual plasma glucose nadirs from 1.9 +/- 0.3 mmol/L to 7.5 +/- 3.3 mmol/L (p less than 0.01). Both in early and late dumpers SMS 201-995 improved postprandial expiratory breath hydrogen excretion indicating slowing of gastrointestinal hurry. SMS 201-995 is a powerful therapeutic agent for the management of patients suffering from the dumping syndrome after gastric surgery.Annals of Surgery 03/1988; 207(2):155-9. · 6.33 Impact Factor
- British medical journal 02/1960; 1(5167):141-7.
- Surgery 02/1988; 103(1):130-1. · 3.37 Impact Factor