Physical Activity of Asthmatic and Nonasthmatic Children

Department of Physiology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Journal of Asthma (Impact Factor: 1.8). 02/1989; 26(5):279-86. DOI: 10.3109/02770908909073264
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Questionnaires examining behaviors and attitudes related to physical activity and asthma were administered to 408 urban schoolchildren aged 11-13 years. Asthmatics (16% of the sample) were more frequently active and were more anxious prior to exercise than nonasthmatics, but did not differ significantly from nonasthmatics in enjoyment of exercise or in physical self-concept. The motives for performing exercise or sport were similar in the two groups, although the asthmatics perceived less pressure to be active from parents or school than the nonasthmatics. It is concluded that asthmatic children have favorable behaviors and attitudes in relation to exercise and sport.

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    • "walking stairs), even by patients with mild symptoms, and lower energy expenditures from leisure-time PA and more inactivity in asthma patients than in controls [5-7]. However, higher physical activity levels in asthmatics were also found [8], as well as no differences in overall exercise frequency or duration [9]. Data on activity levels in asthma are thus inconsistent and little is known about differences between asthmatics with controlled and uncontrolled disease. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Though exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is common among asthmatics, physical activity (PA) seems important in asthma management. Still, various studies point at avoidance of sports and certain daily life activities like walking stairs, even by patients with mild symptoms. We aimed to compare physical activity levels between healthy subjects and asthmatics with controlled and uncontrolled disease. Methods Data on asthma and PA were drawn from the Portuguese National Asthma Survey. The short telephone version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to measure PA levels. Current asthma was defined as self-reported asthma and at least one of these criteria: one or more asthma symptoms in the last twelve months, currently taking asthma medication or an asthma medical appointment in the previous twelve months. Controlled asthma was defined as a CARAT global score > 24 or a CARAT second factor score ≤ 16. Healthy subjects were defined as individuals without atopy, heart disease or any respiratory symptom. X2 and Mann–Whitney/Kruskall-Wallis tests were used to compare groups. Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess relations between asthma status and PA dimensions. Results A total of 606 non-asthmatics, 125 controlled and 78 uncontrolled asthmatic subjects were included. In both genders, overall PA level did not differ significantly between groups. Controlled (men) and uncontrolled (women) asthmatics did more vigorous PA than healthy respondents. Male controlled asthmatics also did more moderate PA. Crude logistic regression showed positive relations between daily sitting time, vigorous and moderate PA and controlled asthma in men and between vigorous PA and uncontrolled asthma in women. After adjustments for confounders, moderate PA remained a predictor of controlled asthma in men, while vigorous PA doubled the risk of uncontrolled asthma in women. Conclusion Our study showed that adult asthmatics, independent of asthma control, do not seem to have a more sedentary lifestyle than their peers. Nevertheless, PA should be encouraged, as only about half of them reached activity recommendations.
    01/2013; 3(1):1. DOI:10.1186/2045-7022-3-1
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    Thorax 11/1992; 47(10):765-7. DOI:10.1136/thx.47.10.765 · 8.29 Impact Factor
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