Juvenile colloid milium. Immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies.
ABSTRACT A 7-year-old Italian girl with juvenile colloid milium was studied with histological, immunohistochemical, and electron microscopic methods. This patient had a well-documented history of severe sunburn and developed the lesions on the face shortly afterward. Numerous apoptotic keratinocytes were observed in the lower epidermis. These cells began their degeneration with filamentous whorl formation (or filamentous degeneration) of tonofilaments. In the papillary dermis the colloid substance was resolved by the electron microscopy into either wavy, thin filaments derived from the epidermal keratinocytes or typical amyloid filaments. Many desmosomes and gap junctions were found in the colloid substance. Polyclonal antikeratin antibody (DAKO) was positive in the colloid substance, particularly in the parts close to the epidermis. These findings suggested that juvenile colloid milium is different from adult colloid milium despite clinical similarities and that the former belongs to the group of actinic amyloid K, i.e. amyloidoses due to actinic degeneration of keratinocyte and its keratin.
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