Uterine activity in cows during the oestrous cycle, after ovariectomy and following exogenous oestradiol and progesterone.
ABSTRACT Uterine activity was monitored in three, 2-year-old nulliparous Ayrshire heifers using intrauterine balloon-tipped catheters and pressure transducers during the oestrous cycle, after ovariectomy and following the intravenous infusion of progesterone and oestradiol-17 beta. During the oestrous cycle uterine activity, as measured by the frequency and amplitude of contractions, was greatest around oestrus and declined during the luteal phase of the cycle; there was a close correlation with peripheral progesterone concentrations. In two animals after bilateral ovariectomy spontaneous uterine activity persisted, whilst in the third animal the uterus was quiescent. In the first two heifers intravenous progesterone infusions reduced the spontaneous uterine activity, eventually completely abolishing it. There was evidence of a dose response effect at the two infusion rates. Oestradiol benzoate infusions initially inhibited spontaneous uterine activity before stimulating contractions with some evidence of a dose relationship. As demonstrated in normal cyclical and steroid-infused animals, uterine activity appears to be under the influence of both hormones although the influence of progesterone is greater.
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ABSTRACT: To determine the effects of estradiol cypionate (ECP) on measures of reproductive efficiency in postparturient dairy cows. Randomized clinical trial. 273 cows in a single herd in California. Twenty-four hours after parturition, 122 cows were treated with ECP (4 mg, IM); the remaining 151 cows were untreated controls. Percentages of cattle with abnormal findings during uterine palpation 27 to 40 days after parturition were compared between groups, along with days to first artificial insemination (AI), percentages of cows that were not pregnant after the first AI, and days to pregnancy. Treatment with ECP did not have a significant effect on whether results of uterine palpation 27 to 40 days after parturition were abnormal, days to first AI, or odds that a cow would be pregnant after the first AI. Treatment with ECP appeared to have a negative effect on days to pregnancy (hazard ratio, 0.72) Results suggest that prophylactic administration of ECP during the early postparturient period in dairy cows did not have measurable beneficial effects on reproductive efficiency.Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 08/2001; 219(2):220-3. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Prostaglandins are widely used in herd management due to their luteolytic properties. They have also a direct effect on the myometrium. We hypothesized, that dissimilar prostaglandin preparations would differ as to their contractile effect. Intrauterine pressure was recorded during the diestrus of lactating dairy cows using a transcervically placed intraluminal pressure microtransducer. After recording physiologic uterine motility for 30 min, prostaglandins (dinoprost, DL-cloprostenol, D-cloprostenol) or a placebo was administered intramuscularly, followed by a 2-h recording period. Significant differences were found for the area under the curve (P < or = 0.05) and mean amplitude (P < or = 0.05), whereas the number of spikes per 15 min and the baseline pressure during the last 3 min of every recording period did not differ significantly among treatments. Peak values for area under the curve and mean amplitude were found between 15 and 30 min after administration of DL-cloprostenol, while dinoprost yielded the steadiest plateau from this period until the end of the recording session. These results contrast with those of earlier studies comparing prostaglandins after intravenous administration.Theriogenology 08/1998; 50(3):445-55. · 2.08 Impact Factor