Placebo-controlled trial of recombinant alpha 2-interferon in Chinese HBsAg-carrier children.
ABSTRACT 24 Chinese children aged 1.5-5 years and positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), hepatitis B virus DNA polymerase (HBV DNAp), and HBV DNA on at least three occasions in the 6 months before the trial were randomised to receive either vitamin B complex or intramuscular recombinant alpha 2-interferon (r-IFN) ('Roferon') 10 X 10(6) IU/m2 thrice weekly for 12 weeks. In all 12 subjects receiving r-IFN, HBV DNAp and HBV DNA levels fell during the course of r-IFN injections. Within 4 weeks of cessation of r-IFN injection, the HBV DNAp and HBV DNA returned to pre-trial levels except in 2 subjects, in whom loss of HBV DNAp and HBV DNA was sustained for up to 18 months from onset of the trial. 1 child lost HBeAg at 18 months. 2 of the 12 children in the placebo group also had a sustained loss of HBV DNAp and HBV DNA during the 18 months, with 1 child losing HBeAg at 18 months. All 24 subjects remained positive for HBsAg. r-IFN produced very slight side-effects except for pyrexia and the "flu" syndrome, both of which showed rapid tachyphylaxis. In the dose given r-IFN was safe but had no long-term beneficial effects on HBsAg carriage in Chinese children.
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ABSTRACT: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a serious and life-threatening disease afflicting 350 million of the world's population. So far, current monotherapy with conventional interferon-alpha, lamivudine, and adefovir dipivoxil remains unsatisfactory. In addition, the use of conventional interferon-alpha needs to be administered subcutaneously daily or thrice weekly and is associated with frequent adverse events. Although nucleoside-nucleotide analogs such as lamivudine and adefovir dipivoxil are well tolerated and can normalize serum alanine aminotransaminase rapidly, 1-year therapy with either lamivudine or adefovir dipivoxil results in low hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion rates. In HBeAg negative patients, most of the patients would relapse after lamivudine has been discontinued. Pegylated interferon alpha-2a, an immunomodulatory agent, is a new drug that has just completed phase III clinical trials for the treatment of both HBeAg positive and HBeAg negative chronic HBV infection. The advantage of pegylated interferon alpha-2a in achieving sustained virological response over nucleoside-nucleotide analogs is particularly obvious in the HBeAg negative group. In both of these phase III studies, sustained off-treatment response is superior to the use of lamivudine. These recent data put pegylated interferon alpha-2a as the first choice of anti-HBV therapy, especially in young and motivated patients with chronic HBV infection.International Journal of Nanomedicine 02/2006; 1(3):255-62. · 4.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: At least five viruses are recognised as causes of acute hepatitis which, in some instances, can develop into chronic disease. The viruses of hepatitis A (HAV) and hepatitis E (HEV) are spread predominantly by the faecal-oral route, whereas hepatitis B, C and D viruses (HBV, HCV and HDV) are spread by blood and other body fluids. The incubation period ranges from about four weeks for HAV to three months for HBV. The diagnosis mainly depends on the detection of various serological markers. The control of infection in the United Kingdom has been facilitated by the introduction of vaccines for HAV and HBV and screening blood for HBV and HCV. Good hygiene and sanitation, the availability of sterile equipment, and measures to modify the behaviour of high-risk groups such as injecting drug users, are also important in the prevention and control of viral hepatitis.Communicable disease report. CDR review 10/1992; 2(10):R109-14.
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ABSTRACT: Thirty-six children with chronic hepatitis B were entered into a randomized controlled trial of recombinant human interferon-alpha. All patients had hepatitis B virus DNA and increased levels of aminotransferases in serum for at least 1 yr. Twelve children received 10 MU of interferon-alpha 2b/m2 body surface area three times a week (group I); 12 children received 5 MU/m2 under the same conditions (group II); and 12 children served as controls (group III). During 6 mo of therapy, 12 of 24 (50%) treated patients (7 from group I, 58%, and 5 from group II, 42%) and 2 of 12 (17%) controls lost hepatitis B virus DNA from serum and subsequently remained negative. Comparison of the rate of response in group I vs. controls showed a statistically significant difference (p less than 0.05). Eleven of 12 (92%) treated patients who cleared hepatitis B virus DNA from serum lost HBeAg, seroconverted to anti-HBe and had improvement in liver histological findings with loss of hepatitis B virus DNA from liver. In 10, serum ALT levels became normal. Interferon-alpha was well tolerated and all children finished therapy. These findings indicate that a 6-mo course of interferon-alpha is effective in inducing a serological, biochemical and histological remission of disease in approximately 50% of children with chronic hepatitis B.Hepatology 06/1991; 13(6):1035-9. DOI:10.1002/hep.1840130605 · 11.19 Impact Factor