Music absorption and hypnotizability.
ABSTRACT The present study investigated differences between high (N = 15), medium (N = 20), and low (N = 16) hypnotizable Ss' involvement in imaginative versus nonimaginative music. Ss were first screened for hypnotizability with the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A (Shor & E. Orne, 1962). In a second session presented as a study of music appreciation, Ss listened to classical music of high and low rated music imaginativeness. Ss' involvement was indexed by absorption, imagery elaboration reported in open-ended essays, and reaction time to a pure tone. High hypnotizable Ss reported more absorption than low hypnotizable Ss, regardless of the imaginativeness level of the music. Ss reported more imagery elaboration in the imaginative than in the low imaginative passages. High hypnotizable Ss tended to differ in their imagery elaboration in response to the imaginative passages but not in response to the nonimaginative passages. Reaction time results were nonsignificant. No sex differences were found. Medium hypnotizable Ss were indistinguishable from both high and low hypnotizable Ss. The findings are generally compatible with J. R. Hilgard's (1970, 1974) construct of imaginative involvement.
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ABSTRACT: According to former observations and questionnaire stud- ies, the capacity for being involved in music is characteris- tic of a person. In our former research, we found that in- tensity of musical involvement and type of music had a great effect on musical experiences. Music has long been used in hypnotherapy to deepen the hypnotic state, and conversely, trance-like experiences are often observed in music therapy. Aims of the present research were to exam- ine whether and to what extent hypnotic induction influ- ences music listening experiences, and whether there are differences between high and low involvers regarding the effect of hypnotic induction. We also wanted to discover, whether these phenomenological changes are modified by the type of music, too. Musical Involvement Scale was ad- ministered to college students in Eger, Hungary and uni- versity students in Debrecen, Hungary (N=250). High and low musical involvers (N=48) were chosen for the labora- tory experiments. In one session their hypnotic susceptibil- ity was measured, in an other session, subjects listened to one of two musical pieces (classical or easy-listening) alone, in a laboratory setting. Half of them received stan- dard hypnotic induction prior to music-listening. Subjects reported about their experiences in a free report and by filling in the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory. Hypnotic susceptibility showed moderate correlations with musical involvement. Hypnotic induction influenced the musical experience of low involvers only. High involvers had as strong musical experiences without hypnotic induc- tion as with, while hynotic induction seemed to deepen the musical experience of low involvers. We found significant differences regarding types of music, too. It can be as- sumed that music itself serves as a hyponotic induction for high involvers, but not for low involvers. These results can assist music therapy considerations and further studies of the music listening experience.
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ABSTRACT: We examined associations between hypochondriacal concerns and the personality dimensions of Absorption and Negative Emotionality (NE). On the basis of research suggesting that Absorption is associated with both negative and positive affective experiences, we hypothesized that participants with high levels of Absorption and NE would report higher levels of hypochondriacal concerns. A sample of 212 undergraduates completed a set of self-report measures assessing Absorption, NE, and aspects of hypochondriacal concerns. Results provide preliminary but mixed evidence that Absorption relates positively to certain hypochondriacal concerns, in some cases by means of interactions with NE.Journal of Research in Personality - J RES PERSONAL. 01/2002; 36(6):573-579.