Transformation of dog embryo kidney cells by human herpesviruses.
ABSTRACT The infection of dog embryo kidney (DEK) cells with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) or human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) led to the development of transformed cell lines. Rapidly dividing DEK cells with unlimited division potential exhibited growth in 2% serum, contained nuclear virus antigens, and formed small (+/- 0.2 mm) colonies in 0.3% agarose. Immortal cell lines showing the same transformation properties were also obtained after transfection with purified HSV-2 or HCMV DNA. These results confirm the transforming capacity of both herpesviruses as well as the usefulness of this different type of mammalian cells in transformation studies.