Benign neurogenic tumors of the oral cavity.
ABSTRACT Neurogenic tumors are rare in the oral cavity, particularly so when malignant. Traumatic neuroma, although usually included with neurogenic tumors, is a reactive process rather than a true neoplasm. Neurofibroma and schwannoma derive from nerve fibers, the perineurium, the endoneurium and the neurolemmomal cells. They present histological differences. The neurofibroma may present in solitary and generalized types; the latter also known as neurofibromatosis or von Recklinghausen's disease of the skin. We here report typical cases of benign neurogenic tumors of the oral cavity.
Article: Neurofibromatosis type 1: a clinicopathological study of the orofacial manifestations in 6 pediatric patients.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a relatively frequent mucocutaneous syndrome, which is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait or which may represent neomutation. It is characterized by a variety of clinical manifestations, including multiple neurofibromas that are associated with a high risk of sarcomatous transformation. The aim of this report was to elucidate the orofacial manifestations observed in 6 pediatric patients (between 4 and 15 years of age) diagnosed with NF1. Physical, clinical, radiological, histological, and immunohistochemical studies were performed. Orofacial lesions were observed in all studied patients, located either in the soft tissues (4 cases) or centrally in the jaws (2 cases). All cases showed facial asymmetry, one of them exhibiting marked facial hemihypertrophy. All cases with soft tissue involvement were plexiform neurofibromas, while the intraosseous cases were diagnosed as solitary neurofibromas. Knowledge of the variability of presentation of orofacial soft tissue and bone manifestations of NF1 in children is necessary for prompt diagnosis.Pediatric dentistry 24(6):575-80. · 1.02 Impact Factor
Article: Solitary neurofibroma of the gingiva with prominent differentiation of Meissner bodies: a case report.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Oral neurofibromas are peripheral nerve sheath tumors, similar to schwannomas. Histological variations in oral neurofibromas are relatively uncommon. Here, we present a case of unique variation in the observed characteristics of a neurofibroma, with no relation to neurofibromatosis type-1 or von Recklinghausen disease of the skin. The neurofibroma was observed in the right mandibular gingiva of a 32-year-old Japanese woman. Histologically, it differed from conventional neurofibromas in that the tumor was composed of a mixture of fine fibrillary collagen in sheets and/or cords of neoplastic Schwann cells containing numerous clusters of Meissner bodies. Histologically, these bodies were in contact with neoplastic Schwann cells. The Meissner bodies were immunopositive for S-100 protein, neuron-specific enolase, and vimentin, but were negative for calretinin. CD34-positive spindle cells were observed around the Meissner bodies. No recurrence or signs of other tumors have been observed in the patient for 5 years after tumor resection. To the best of our knowledge, no formal descriptions of sporadic, solitary neurofibromas containing numerous Meissner bodies occurring in the oral cavity are available in literature. We believe that an uncommon proliferation of Meissner bodies, as seen in the present case, may result from aberrant differentiation of neoplastic Schwann cells.Diagnostic Pathology 01/2010; 5:61. · 1.64 Impact Factor