Dual asthmatic reactions to inhaled Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus: reproducibility and antagonism by cromolyn sodium.
ABSTRACT Twenty-four asthmatic patients sensitized to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus were challenged with a standardized extract of this allergen. All the patients selected on the basis of skin tests and RAST, had an early asthmatic reaction (EAR). Seventeen of them also had a late asthmatic reaction (LAR). Eleven patients were rechallenged in order to study the reproducibility of both EAR and LAR. Six patients were also challenged after cromolyn sodium premedication Results show that (1) reproducibility of both EAR and LAR is satisfactory (coefficient of variation = 14%), (2) patients with reproducible EAR also have reproducible LAR, and (3) a single dose of cromolyn given before challenge can prevent EAR and markedly attenuate LAR.