New definitions of the concepts and terms ecosystem and biogeocenosis
ABSTRACT 84 downloads by 26.01.2015. This article was awarded a Diploma to certify its scientific value (at a scientific conference, July 1, 2014). The article was bookmarked by ResearchGate members.
At World Catalog, the paper was reviewed and rated as excellent.
The review was titled:
New contemporary, modernized, improved ecosystem definition.
This is the text of the review of a WorldCat user and expert Professor K. (WorldCat user published moments ago) :
"In this excellent and useful article the author, a Fulbright Award recipient, formulated a new, contemporary, modernized, improved ecosystem definition. The new definition is free from many shortcomings of the traditional ecosystem definitions. The traditional definitions are outdated and self-contradictory.
This paper is very useful to scientists, professors, students. My strongest recommendations, I recommend this really outstanding and very useful paper to all. ..."
Ostroumov S.A. New definitions of the concepts and terms ecosystem and biogeocenosis. - Doklady Biological Sciences, 2002 (March), Volume 383, p. 141-143. [MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica distributed by Springer Science+Business Media LLC. ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online)]. In 1935, the term 'ecosystem' was coined by A. Tansley. In the 1940s, another important term 'biogeocoenosis' was introduced by V. N. Sukachev. Since that time, a significant amount of new facts was accumulated in ecology. It is necessary to revisit the formulation of the basic concepts and terms in ecology, including the two terms mentioned above. The author proposed some new variants of the definition of the two terms that (1) reflect the modern vision of the basics of ecology; and (2) avoid the vicious circle of using other terms that in turn request their definitions. The author realizes that the new variants of the terms cannot be ideal and some other variants of the definitions are also possible. 5 specific features of the proposed definition of ecosystem (Table 1). 8 specific features of the proposed definition of biogeocenosis, and 8 distinctions between the proposed definition and the classical definition by V.N.Sukachev (Table 2)].
Russian version of the paper: http://scipeople.ru/publication/66938/;
Russian version of the paper: New variants of the definitions of the concepts and terms 'ecosystem' and 'biogeocoenosis' - DAN. 2002. v383. No. 4. p.571-573.
Key terms and issues:
ecosystem, A. Tansley, biogeocoenosis, V. N. Sukachev, basic concepts and terms in ecology, basics of ecology, theoretical biology, fundamental concepts, trophic chains, modern conceptualization, populations, interorganismal interactions, levels of life systems, biotic-abiotic interactions, definition, how to define ecosystem;
What are the current (contemporary, modern, up-to-date, updated) definitions of "ecosystem" and "biogeocoenosis"? new approach, definitions and terms, modernization and updating of the conceptual apparatus, ecology, modern vision, habitat, trophic structure, trophic levels, biocenose, biotope, community, history of science, functions of organisms, impact of organisms on environment, terrestrial, soil, water, systems, dynamics of communities, fluctuations, succession, improving education, teaching ecology, environmental science, interactions, ecological links, biosphere.
This paper is at WorldCatalog (WorldCat).
This article is available:
in U.S. in 453 libraries;
in U.K. in 22 libraries;
Germany in 22 libraries;
Netherlands in 17 libraries;
South Africa in 17 libraries;
in New Zealand in 7 libraries;
in Japan in the library of Tokyo University of Technology ;
in Venezuela in Universidad Simón Bolívar Biblioteca Central
in Taiwan in the library of National Taiwan University ;
Supplementary Resources - the full text of a related, relevant Russian paper: Остроумов С.А. Концепции экологии "экосистема", "биогеоценоз", "границы экосистем": поиск
новых определений // Вестник МГУ. Серия 16. Биология. 2003. № 3. С.43-50. Табл. Рез. на англ.
яз. Библиогр. 44 назв. [Нов. трактовка, нов. варианты определений. Перечисляются и
обосновываются отличия новых определений от ранее существовавших. Предлагается выделить 2
типа неопределенности границ экосистемы (с.46-48). Сформулирована новая концепция
двухзонального (двухконтурного) пространственного строения экосистем (с.48)].
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Sergei A. Ostroumov, Dec 16, 2013
- SourceAvailable from: Sergei A. Ostroumov[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: ENVIRONMENT, LIFE SCIENCES / series: Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions. Volume 18. Proceedings of the international scientific conference ‘Ecosystems, Organisms, Innovations – 14’, (February 12, 2011, Amherst, MA, U.S.A.), and other materials. Moscow, MAX Press, 2013. – 112 p. ISBN 978-5-317-04378-0. Volume 18 of the series includes the proceedings of the 14th international conference ‘Ecosystems, Organisms, Innovations-14’, Amherst, MA, U.S.A.), and some other scientific and educational materials. The conference was dedicated to 25th anniversary of the book ‘Introduction to Biochemical Ecology’ (1986), and 20th anniversary of the book ‘Conservation of Living Nature and Resources’ (1991). The materials cover terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems and organisms. The authors represent various departments of Moscow State University and other institutions and universities of Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Malaysia, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Tunisia, Ukraine, U.S.A., Uzbekistan, and other countries. The volume is of interest to scholars in ecology, limnology, oceanography, zoology, ichthyology, botany, microbiology, environmental science, as well as to university professors and educators. The names of the new awardees of the honorary title Environmentalist of Year (Prof. A.V. Yablokov, Prof. J. Schnoor) were published. Some names of the individual authors of the scientific contributions to this volume (a few examples, selected: Abbasov G., Carmignani J., Chadha Sonia Swati, Anoop Tiwari, Das Nirmalendu, and Dipan Adhikari, Davranova Nodira, Desai Hitesh and Hemangi Desai, Dusca Anca Ileana, Ewis Sobhy H. A., Abdullah Shatoor, Hasan Tabinda, Mahmood Fauzi, Jabborova Dilfuza, Dilfuza Egamberdieva, Stephan Wirth, Giancarlo Renella, and many others ). The volume of proceedings was published online: Proceedings, scientific conference ‘Ecosystems, Organisms, Innovations – 14’, (February 12, 2011, Amherst, MA, U.S.A.), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2013/05/proceedings-scientific-conference.html The proceedings were published, see: http://ru.scribd.com/doc/140945133/ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259486251_Proceedings_of_the_conference_'Ecosystems_Organisms_Innovation'_2011_Feb_12_Amherst_MA_U.S.A._Editors_S.A._Ostroumov_et_al#shareEcosystems, Organisms, Innovation, Amherst, MA, U.S.A.; 02/2011
- 01/2012, Degree: Doctoral thesis - Universitat de Barcelona
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265053987_Biophysics_biochemistry_biosystem_studies._Fundamental_research_and_applications_Results_and_bibliography ; Abstract. Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Novikov K.N., Selishcheva A.A., Akimova O.A., Ostroumov S.A. Biophysics, biochemistry, biosystem studies. Fundamental research and applications: Results and bibliography.- Moscow, 2014, 180 p. (Eds: Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Ostroumov S.A.) The goal of this publication is to present some of results of the experimental research of interdisciplinary topics of life sciences in the Laboratory of Physico-Chemistry of Biological Membranes, Faculty of Biology, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University. The material is organized into six main sections with information of scientific results, and an additional section 7. The final, seventh section is on publications of educational materials, improving university education, including textbooks and educational programs on issues of biological and environmental education. This text is in part based on the previous publication (Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Novikov K.N., Selishcheva A.A., Akimova O.A., Ostroumov S.A. Toxicology, biophysics. from fundamental biomedical research to applications. Some results and bibliography // Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2013, vol.19, p. 9-28), with many additions and updating. Орлов С.Н., Котелевцев С.В., Новиков К.Н., Селищева А.А., Акимова О. А., Остроумов С. А. Исследования биофизики, биохимии, биосистем. Фундаментальные исследования и приложения: Результаты и библиография - Москва, 2014. 180 с. (Ред. Орлов С.Н., Котелевцев С.В., Остроумов С. А.). Представлены некоторые из результатов экспериментальных исследований в области наук о жизни в лаборатории физико-химии биологических мембран биологического факультета Московского государственного университета им. М.В. Ломоносова. Материал состоит из шести основных разделов с информацией о научных результатах и дополнительного седьмого раздела. Последний, седьмой раздел содержит информацию о публикациях различных учебных и учебно-методических материалов, работ о совершенствовании университетского образования, в том числе учебников и образовательных программ по вопросам биологического и экологического образования. Этот текст частично основан на предыдущей публикации (Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Novikov K.N., Selishcheva A.A., Akimova O.A., Ostroumov S.A. Toxicology, biophysics. from fundamental biomedical research to applications. Some results and bibliography // Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2013, vol.19, p. 9-28), со многими дополнениями и существенным обновлением материала. Introduction. The goal of this publication is to present some of results of experimental research of interdisciplinary topics of life sciences in the Laboratory of Physico-Chemistry of Biological Membranes, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University. The material is organized into 6 main sections with information of scientific results, and an additional section 7. The final, seventh section is on publications of educational materials, improving university education, including textbooks and educational programs on issues of biological and environmental education. This text is in part based on the previous publication (Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Novikov K.N., Selishcheva A.A., Akimova O.A., Ostroumov S.A. Toxicology, biophysics. from fundamental biomedical research to applications. Some results and bibliography // Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2013, vol.19, p. 9-28), with many additions and updating.Edited by Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Ostroumov S.A., 01/2014; Moscow State University, Moscow.
Questions & Answers about this publication
- What is the origin of the 10% law of trophic efficiency? Energy transfer between trophic levels is generally considered as equal to 10% of the net production at the preceding trophic level (the Ten percent law) => this law is used in numerous models, and I thought its origin was from Lindeman 1942, but is it not the case. Do you know what is the origin of this law ?Constantin Andronache, thank you for voting my answer up. If you are interested in fundamental issues of ecology, perhaps you may have a look at this paper: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/200577836_New_definitions_of_the_concepts_and_terms_ecosystem_and_biogeocenosis?ev=srch_pub
I would appreciate having an opportunity to hear your opinion.