Article

New definitions of the concepts and terms ecosystem and biogeocenosis

Moscow State University, Vorob'evy gory
Doklady Biological Sciences 03/2002; 383:141-143. DOI: 10.1023/A:1015393924967

ABSTRACT This article was awarded a Diploma to certify its scientific value (at a scientific conference, July 1, 2014). The article was bookmarked by ResearchGate members.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/200577836_New_definitions_of_the_concepts_and_terms_ecosystem_and_biogeocenosis ;

At World Catalog, the paper was reviewed and rated as excellent.
The review was titled:
New contemporary, modernized, improved ecosystem definition.
This is the text of the review of a WorldCat user and expert Professor K. (WorldCat user published moments ago) :
"In this excellent and useful article the author, a Fulbright Award recipient, formulated a new, contemporary, modernized, improved ecosystem definition. The new definition is free from many shortcomings of the traditional ecosystem definitions. The traditional definitions are outdated and self-contradictory.
This paper is very useful to scientists, professors, students. My strongest recommendations, I recommend this really outstanding and very useful paper to all. ..."
**
Ostroumov S.A. New definitions of the concepts and terms ecosystem and biogeocenosis. - Doklady Biological Sciences, 2002 (March), Volume 383, p. 141-143. [MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica distributed by Springer Science+Business Media LLC. ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online)]. In 1935, the term 'ecosystem' was coined by A. Tansley. In the 1940s, another important term 'biogeocoenosis' was introduced by V. N. Sukachev. Since that time, a significant amount of new facts was accumulated in ecology. It is necessary to revisit the formulation of the basic concepts and terms in ecology, including the two terms mentioned above. The author proposed some new variants of the definition of the two terms that (1) reflect the modern vision of the basics of ecology; and (2) avoid the vicious circle of using other terms that in turn request their definitions. The author realizes that the new variants of the terms cannot be ideal and some other variants of the definitions are also possible. 5 specific features of the proposed definition of ecosystem (Table 1). 8 specific features of the proposed definition of biogeocenosis, and 8 distinctions between the proposed definition and the classical definition by V.N.Sukachev (Table 2)].
www.springerlink.com/index/VPG4YU2V3YD6T97B.pdf;
DOI 10.1023/A:1015393924967
Russian version of the paper: http://scipeople.ru/publication/66938/;
Russian version of the paper: New variants of the definitions of the concepts and terms 'ecosystem' and 'biogeocoenosis' - DAN. 2002. v383. No. 4. p.571-573.
Key terms and issues:
ecosystem, A. Tansley, biogeocoenosis, V. N. Sukachev, basic concepts and terms in ecology, basics of ecology, theoretical biology, fundamental concepts, trophic chains, modern conceptualization, populations, interorganismal interactions, levels of life systems, biotic-abiotic interactions, definition, how to define ecosystem;
What are the current (contemporary, modern, up-to-date, updated) definitions of "ecosystem" and "biogeocoenosis"? new approach, definitions and terms, modernization and updating of the conceptual apparatus, ecology, modern vision, habitat, trophic structure, trophic levels, biocenose, biotope, community, history of science, functions of organisms, impact of organisms on environment, terrestrial, soil, water, systems, dynamics of communities, fluctuations, succession, improving education, teaching ecology, environmental science, interactions, ecological links, biosphere.

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**
Supplementary Resources - the full text of a related, relevant Russian paper: Остроумов С.А. Концепции экологии "экосистема", "биогеоценоз", "границы экосистем": поиск
новых определений // Вестник МГУ. Серия 16. Биология. 2003. № 3. С.43-50. Табл. Рез. на англ.
яз. Библиогр. 44 назв. [Нов. трактовка, нов. варианты определений. Перечисляются и
обосновываются отличия новых определений от ранее существовавших. Предлагается выделить 2
типа неопределенности границ экосистемы (с.46-48). Сформулирована новая концепция
двухзонального (двухконтурного) пространственного строения экосистем (с.48)].

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    ABSTRACT: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265053987_Biophysics_biochemistry_biosystem_studies._Fundamental_research_and_applications_Results_and_bibliography ; Abstract. Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Novikov K.N., Selishcheva A.A., Akimova O.A., Ostroumov S.A. Biophysics, biochemistry, biosystem studies. Fundamental research and applications: Results and bibliography.- Moscow, 2014, 180 p. (Eds: Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Ostroumov S.A.) The goal of this publication is to present some of results of the experimental research of interdisciplinary topics of life sciences in the Laboratory of Physico-Chemistry of Biological Membranes, Faculty of Biology, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University. The material is organized into six main sections with information of scientific results, and an additional section 7. The final, seventh section is on publications of educational materials, improving university education, including textbooks and educational programs on issues of biological and environmental education. This text is in part based on the previous publication (Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Novikov K.N., Selishcheva A.A., Akimova O.A., Ostroumov S.A. Toxicology, biophysics. from fundamental biomedical research to applications. Some results and bibliography // Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2013, vol.19, p. 9-28), with many additions and updating. Орлов С.Н., Котелевцев С.В., Новиков К.Н., Селищева А.А., Акимова О. А., Остроумов С. А. Исследования биофизики, биохимии, биосистем. Фундаментальные исследования и приложения: Результаты и библиография - Москва, 2014. 180 с. (Ред. Орлов С.Н., Котелевцев С.В., Остроумов С. А.). Представлены некоторые из результатов экспериментальных исследований в области наук о жизни в лаборатории физико-химии биологических мембран биологического факультета Московского государственного университета им. М.В. Ломоносова. Материал состоит из шести основных разделов с информацией о научных результатах и дополнительного седьмого раздела. Последний, седьмой раздел содержит информацию о публикациях различных учебных и учебно-методических материалов, работ о совершенствовании университетского образования, в том числе учебников и образовательных программ по вопросам биологического и экологического образования. Этот текст частично основан на предыдущей публикации (Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Novikov K.N., Selishcheva A.A., Akimova O.A., Ostroumov S.A. Toxicology, biophysics. from fundamental biomedical research to applications. Some results and bibliography // Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2013, vol.19, p. 9-28), со многими дополнениями и существенным обновлением материала. Introduction. The goal of this publication is to present some of results of experimental research of interdisciplinary topics of life sciences in the Laboratory of Physico-Chemistry of Biological Membranes, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University. The material is organized into 6 main sections with information of scientific results, and an additional section 7. The final, seventh section is on publications of educational materials, improving university education, including textbooks and educational programs on issues of biological and environmental education. This text is in part based on the previous publication (Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Novikov K.N., Selishcheva A.A., Akimova O.A., Ostroumov S.A. Toxicology, biophysics. from fundamental biomedical research to applications. Some results and bibliography // Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2013, vol.19, p. 9-28), with many additions and updating.
    Edited by Orlov S.N., Kotelevtsev S.V., Ostroumov S.A., 01/2014; Moscow State University, Moscow.
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    ABSTRACT: This file was bookmarked by Internet users, ResearchGate members. Bibliography of a series of publications on ecology, environment, biology. Selected. PDF. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265166235_ ; The languages of the publications: mainly English and Russian. The all-English section of this list starts on page 132. The list is divided into parts. Part 1. The main publications (books, papers in reviewed journals). Part 2. Abstracts, papers in proceedings of conferences, smaller publications. Part 3. Editorship. Part 4. Textbooks and other materials for education. Part 5. Publications for broader impact. Popular science publications. Interviews. Part 6. Publications on scientific results of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. All of the above is presented here in 2 large sections. Section 1 contains all these 6 parts, the text is in the language of the original publications (in Russian if the publication is in Russian; in English if the publication is in English). Section 2 contains the same 6 parts but the text is translated into English. This all-English section starts on page 132. To make the text shorter, the authors are indicated only if there are 2 or more co-authors. If the publication is a one-author article, the author (S.A.Ostroumov) is not indicated. In each part, the publications are in chronologic order, up to 2009. Articles × Books × Papers × Water × Environment Protection × Ecotoxicology × Life Sciences × Hazard Assessment × Aquatic Ecology × General Ecology × Bioassays × biochemical ecology × water self-purification × Surfactants × Detergents × Freshwater Ecology × Marine Ecology × filter-feeders × Bivalves × plant seedlings ×

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