Abnormalities of lymphocyte subsets and anti-LAV/HTLV-III status in Greek hemophiliacs.
ABSTRACT Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and the incidence of LAV/HTLV-III antibodies were studied in 63 patients with hemophilia A who had been transfused with a low dose regimen of commercial (U.S.A.) factor VIII concentrates. Five patients with hemophilia B were also included in this study. In hemophilia A patients a significant reduction in the percentage and absolute numbers of T4+ cells and of the T4/T8 ratio and a significant increase in the percentage of T8+ and Leu-7+ cells were observed. These abnormalities were independent of the presence of anti-LAV/HTLV-III. In hemophilia B patients a significant increase of T8+ cells and a decrease of T4/T8 ratio was noted while the percentage of Leu-7+ cells was normal. A significant negative correlation of F VIII units transfused and T4/T8 ratio was seen only in LAV/HTLV (-) patients, suggesting that F VIII per se could cause immunodysregulation. Seropositive patients were found to have consumed a larger amount of F VIII units than seronegative patients during the period 1980-1984 (p less than 0.005).
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ABSTRACT: We evaluated 37 patients with moderate or severe hemophilia A and six patients with severe factor IX deficiency for clinical or laboratory evidence of immune abnormalities. Patients were assigned to one of four groups according to the type of clotting factor replacement. Twenty patients had received only cryoprecipitate during the two years preceding the evaluation (group I); 11 additional patients were treated predominantly with cryoprecipitate but had also received up to nine bottles of factor VIII concentrate (group II); six patients received factor VIII concentrate (group III); six patients received factor IX concentrate (group IV). There was no clinical or laboratory evidence of immunodeficiency among the 43 patients. The mean absolute number of Th cells was normal in all patient groups, but the mean absolute number of Ts cells was increased compared with controls, both in patients treated with cryoprecipitate and in patients treated with factor VIII or factor IX concentrate. There was no correlation between the Th/Ts ratio and patient age, alanine aminotransferase level, hepatitis serology, in vitro lymphocyte function, or amount of clotting factor administered. Our observations demonstrate that the volunteer or commercial origin of clotting factor replacement cannot fully explain the alterations in lymphocyte subset distribution previously described in patients with hemophilia A.Blood 10/1984; 64(3):715-20. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In cats, infection with T-lymphotropic retroviruses can cause T-cell proliferation and leukemia or T-cell depletion and immunosuppression. In humans, some highly T4 tropic retroviruses called HTLV-I can cause T-cell proliferation and leukemia. The subgroup HTLV-II also induces T-cell proliferation in vitro, but its role in disease is unclear. Viruses of a third subgroup of human T-lymphotropic retroviruses, collectively designated HTLV-III, have been isolated from cultured cells of 48 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The biological properties of HTLV-III and immunological analyses of its proteins show that this virus is a member of the HTLV family, and that it is more closely related to HTLV-II than to HTLV-I. Serum samples from 88 percent of patients with AIDS and from 79 percent of homosexual men with signs and symptoms that frequently precede AIDS, but from less than 1 percent of heterosexual subjects, have antibodies reactive against antigens of HTLV-III. The major immune reactivity appears to be directed against p41, the presumed envelope antigen of the virus.Science 06/1984; 224(4648):506-8. · 31.03 Impact Factor
- New England Journal of Medicine 03/1985; 312(8):483-6. · 51.66 Impact Factor