Article

Heavy-chain binding protein recognizes aberrant polypeptides translocated in vitro.

Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0448.
Nature (Impact Factor: 38.6). 06/1988; 333(6168):90-3. DOI: 10.1038/333090a0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Immunoglobulin heavy-chain binding protein (BiP, GRP-78) associates tightly in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with newly synthesized proteins that are incompletely assembled, have mutant structures, or are incorrectly glycosylated. The function of BiP has been suggested to be to prevent secretion of incorrectly folded or incompletely assembled protein, to promote folding or assembly of proteins, or to solubilize protein aggregates within the ER lumen. Here we examine the interaction of BiP with newly synthesized polypeptides in an in vitro protein translation-translocation system. We find that BiP forms tight complexes with nonglycosylated yeast invertase and incorrectly disulphide-bonded prolactin, but does not associate detectably with either glycosylated invertase or correctly disulphide-bonded prolactin. Moreover, BiP associates detectably only with completed chains of prolactin, not with chains undergoing synthesis. We conclude that BiP recognizes and binds with high affinity in vitro to aberrantly folded or aberrantly glycosylated polypeptides, but not to all nascent chains as they are folding.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
42 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cell-free systems have helped to elucidate the molecular constituents regulating the selection and translocation of proteins into and across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and peroxisomes, the transport to and through the Golgi apparatus, and the sorting of proteins to the lysosomes, the plasmalemma, and the extracellular milieu. The use of cell-free systems has also been instrumental in defining the endosomal apparatus and its functional significance in the sorting of incoming ligands and receptors, the selective processing of internalized ligands such as insulin, and transmembrane signalling, especially of the epidermal growth factor and insulin receptor tyrosine kinases. Predicted use of cell-free systems to study interorganelle relationships may help to identify the majority of molecular constituents regulating membrane traffic in the eucaryote.
    Biochemistry and Cell Biology 01/1989; 66(12):1253-7. · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Functional proteins within cells are normally present in their native, completely folded form. However, vital processes of protein biogenesis such as protein synthesis and translocation of proteins into intracellular compartments require the protein to exist temporarily in an unfolded or partially folded conformation. As a consequence, regions buried when a polypeptide is in its native conformation become exposed and interact with other proteins causing protein aggregation which is deleterious to the cell. To prevent aggregation as proteins become unfolded, heat-shock proteins protect these interactive surfaces by binding to them and facilitating the folding of unfolded or nascent polypeptides. In other instances the binding of heat-shock proteins to interactive surfaces of completely folded proteins is a crucial part of their regulation. As heat shock and other stress conditions cause cellular proteins to become partially unfolded, the ability of heat-shock proteins to protect cells against the adverse effects of stress becomes a logical extension of their normal function as molecular chaperones.
    European Journal of Biochemistry. 12/1993; 219(1‐2):11 - 23.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Animal and plant cells contain a family of constitutively expressed HSP-70 cognate proteins that are localized in different subcellular locations and are presumed to play a role in protein folding and transport. Utilizing antibodies raised against the yeast endoplasmicreticulum-localized HSP-70 cognate termed BiP/GRP-78, as well as antibodies raised against the Escherichia coli HSP-70 protein DnaK, we have identified and characterized a large family of closely related proteins in wheat. One protein band of 78 kDa that is apparently closely related to yeast BiP was localized in the endoplasmic reticulum. This band cross-reacted with the yeast BiP but not with the DnaK-specific antibodies. The yeast BiP antibodies also recognized a cytoplasmic protein of 70 kDa that is probably related to the HSC-70 cognate proteins. These two proteins were further confirmed as HSP-70 cognates by their ability to bind to an ATP-agarose column. Probing of proteins from purified wheat mitochondrial preparations with the yeast BiP and DnaK-specific antibodies showed that this organelle contained a family of HSP-70-related proteins. The yeast BiP antibodies recognized two mitochondrial proteins of 60 and 58 kDa, but failed to detect any protein in the size rang of 70 to 80 kDa. However, the presence of immunologically distinct proteins of 90 and 78 kDa, as well as of lower molecular weight from this family in the mitochondria, was shown by probing with the DnaK-specific antibodies. A new protein of 30 kDa, cross-reacting with anti-yeast BiP antibodies, was detected only in developing seeds, close to their maturity. The evolution of HSP-70 cognate proteins in wheat as shown in this study is discussed.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 10/1991; 82(5):615-620. · 3.66 Impact Factor