"Thus, the presence of rare mutations with debilitating phenotypic manifestations imposes a significant challenge to the successful implementation of prenatal diagnosis-based disease management strategies. A preliminary study reported that the number of thalassaemic births in Bangladesh is 7483 per year (Khan et al., 2005). This study also revealed that 7% of the population are carriers of this trait. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Screening of mutations that cause β-thalassaemia in the Bangladeshi population led to the identification of a patient with a combination of two rare mutations, Hb Monroe and HBB: -92 C > G. The β-thalassaemia major male individual was transfusion-dependent and had an atypical β-globin gene cluster haplotype. Of the two mutations, Hb Monroe has been characterized in detail. Clinical effects of the other mutation, HBB: -92 C > G, are unknown so far. Bioinformatics analyses were carried out to predict the possible effect of this mutation. These analyses revealed the presence of a putative binding site for Egr1, a transcription factor, within the HBB: -92 region. Our literature survey suggests a close relationship between different phenotypic manifestations of β-thalassaemia and Egr1 expression.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In many Asian populations, the commonest form of severe thalassemia results from the coinheritance of HbE and beta thalassemia. The management of this disease is particularly difficult because of its extreme clinical diversity; although some genetic and adaptive factors have been identified as phenotypic modifiers, the reasons remain unclear. Because the role of the environment in the course of severe thalassemia has been neglected completely and because malaria due to both Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax has been prevalent in Sri Lanka, we carried out a pilot study of patients with HbE beta thalassemia that showed high frequencies of antibodies to both parasite species and that 28.6% of the children had DNA-based evidence of current infection with P. vivax. Malarial antibodies then were assessed in patients with HbE beta thalassemia compared with those in age-matched controls. There was a significant increase in the frequency of antibodies in the thalassemic patients, particularly against P. vivax and in young children. There was also a higher frequency in those who had been splenectomized compared with those with intact spleens, although in the latter it was still higher than that in the controls. The thalassemic patients showed significant correlations between malaria antibody status and phenotype. Patients with HbE beta thalassemia may be more prone to malaria, particularly P. vivax, which is reflected in their clinical severity. Because P. vivax malaria is widespread in Asia, further studies of its interaction with HbE beta thalassemia and related diseases are required urgently as a part of ongoing thalassemia control programs.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 11/2009; 106(44):18716-21. DOI:10.1073/pnas.0910142106 · 9.67 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bangladesh has a large number of thalassemic patients. However, no extensive analysis of the mutations in the HBB gene of thalassemic patients has been previously carried out. We have conducted a systematic research to reveal thalassemia mutations in the Bangladeshi population. In this preliminary analysis of 587 bp of the HBB gene in selected thalassemic individuals, some rare mutations in world perspective have been found to be significantly high in the Bangladeshi population, together with the common mutations for thalassemia.
A 587-bp segment of the HBB gene from 32 chromosomes of 16 beta-thalassemic individuals was analyzed for molecular characterization of the disease. Splice junction mutation IVS-I-5 was found to be the most common. The analysis also revealed some rare mutations HBB: c.-80T>C, HBB: c. 92G>C, HBB: c-92C>G, which are not prevalent in geographically adjacent populations.
This is a first of this kind of study in the Bangladeshi population. Although the small sample size makes it difficult to make any population genetics inference, this study can be regarded as the seminal research for a large-scale study to determine the complete mutation profile underlying thalassemia in the Bangladeshi population. The complete mutation profile will provide invaluable strategies (e.g., prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling) for better management of thalassemia in the Bangladeshi population.
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