Article

Antibody responses to serogroup B meningococcal outer membrane antigens after vaccination and infection.

National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology (Impact Factor: 4.07). 09/1988; 26(8):1543-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Antibody responses of adult volunteers given a vaccine containing meningococcal capsular polysaccharides (serogroups A, C, Y, and W-135) noncovalently complexed with serotype 2b:P1.2 and 15:P1.16 outer membrane proteins have been studied. Sera were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods for immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA antibodies and for bactericidal activities against the homologous strains. The vaccination was performed as a double-blind experiment with 47 volunteers, of whom 23 received the protein-polysaccharide vaccine and 24 received the control preparation containing the polysaccharides only. Ten additional persons volunteered for the protein-polysaccharide vaccine. Before vaccination, carriers of meningococci had significantly higher levels of specific IgG and IgA and also higher bactericidal activities than noncarriers. At 2 weeks postvaccination we found significant IgG and bactericidal antibody responses against both the 2b:P1.2 and 15:P1.16 strains in about 70% of the protein-polysaccharide vaccinees. The immune response induced by disease was compared with that induced by vaccination by analyzing paired sera from 13 survivors of serogroup B serotype 15 meningococcal disease. We found that the mean specific IgG level in acute-phase sera was lower than average in prevaccination sera from the vaccinees but similar to that of healthy noncarriers before vaccination. The convalescent-phase sera showed IgG responses similar to those of the vaccinees, but the IgM response to disease was significantly higher than after vaccination. The immune response to disease caused by serogroup B serotype 15 meningococci was found by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis to be about the same with outer-membrane antigens from a serotype 2b strain as it was with antigens from a serotype 15 strain.

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